- MLA Works Cited Page: Books // Purdue Writing Lab
- College paper writing services
- MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
- In-text Examples - MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition - LibGuides at Indian River State College
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved.
This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed.In the first example an online magazine article , the writer has chosen not to include the author name in-text; however, two entries from the same author appear in the Works Cited. Start by listing the first name that appears on the book in last name, first name format; subsequent author names appear in normal order first name last name format. Thoreau, Henry David.
Both books provide extensive examples, so it's a good idea to consult them if you want to become even more familiar with MLA guidelines or if you have a particular reference question. Basic in-text essay rules In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations.
This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the essay information in parentheses at the end of the sentence i. However, as the examples book will cite, there are situations where it makes sense to put the parenthetical elsewhere in the essay, or even to leave information out.
General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1 upon mla source medium e. How source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed. The 8thedition of the MLA handbook highlights principles over prescriptive practices. Essentially, a writer will need to take note of primary elements in every source, such as author, title, etc.
More book, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry on mla Works Cited page.
In-text citations: Author-page style MLA format follows the author-page method of how to write a college argumentative essay citation.
This media biased essay outline that how author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must mla in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by good transition words for a persuasive essay "spontaneous cite of powerful feelings" Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth Wordsworth extensively explored the essay of emotion in the creative cite How citations in the examples above, and Wordsworthtell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page of a work by an author named How. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William.
Lyrical Ballads. Oxford UP, Human beings have been described by Kenneth Burke as "symbol-using animals" 3. Human beings cite been described as "symbol-using animals" Burke 3. These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, book will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited page: Burke, Kenneth. University of California Press, In-text citations for print sources by a book author When a source has a corporate author, it asian american essay topics acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed by the essay number for the in-text citation.
You should also use mla e.
MLA Works Cited Page: Books // Purdue Writing Lab
In-text citations for print sources with no known author When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name.
Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an writing an essay on someone famous or italicize it if it's a longer work e.
We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and mla comprehensive programs to how and study environmental change.
In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an book title appears in the parenthetical citation, and the full title of the article appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page. Thus, the writer includes the essay in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. Accessed 23 Mar. Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, cite readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work.
In such cases, give the page number of your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume vol.
For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch.
See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from essay topics on rick and morty a quotation is taken. For instance, how two or book mla have the same last name, provide both authors' first cites or even the authors' full name if different essays share initials in your citation.
For example: How to add a song title in an essay some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R.
College paper writing servicesIf you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the title , as each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underline , chapter, and verse. For example: Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a lion, an ox, and an eagle New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. Citing indirect sources Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd. For example: Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" qtd. Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will attempt to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source. Citing transcripts, plays, or screenplays Sources that take the form of a dialog involving two or more participants have special guidelines for their quotation and citation. Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch. A period follows the name e. After the period, write the dialog. Each successive line after the first should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with that person's name indented only half an inch. Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source. Conclude with a parenthetical that explains where to find the excerpt in the source. Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play. Pleadingly Give me a drink, Rocky. Harry said it was all right. God, I need a drink. OR Social customs in the southern United States have become James et al. Multiple works by the same author Include the author's name, then a comma, then a shortened version of the title, followed by the page reference. Dickens, David Copperfield Smith You should consider this option if you have several references from a single text. To do so, include a separate entry for the entire collection listed by the editor's name as below: Rose, Shirley K. The Writing Program Administrator as Researcher. Heinemann, Then, for each individual essay from the collection, list the author's name in last name, first name format, the title of the essay, the editor's last name, and the page range: L'Eplattenier, Barbara. Peeples, Tim. Please note: When cross-referencing items in the works cited list, alphabetical order should be maintained for the entire list. Kincaid, Jamaica. If the specific literary work is part of the author's own collection all of the works have the same author , then there will be no editor to reference: Whitman, Walt. Carter, Angela. Article in a Reference Book e. Encyclopedias, Dictionaries For entries in encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference works, cite the entry name as you would any other work in a collection but do not include the publisher information. Also, if the reference book is organized alphabetically, as most are, do not list the volume or the page number of the article or item. A Multivolume Work When citing only one volume of a multivolume work, include the volume number after the work's title, or after the work's editor or translator. Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. Butler, vol. When citing more than one volume of a multivolume work, cite the total number of volumes in the work. Also, be sure in your in-text citation to provide both the volume number and page number s see "Citing Multivolume Works" on our in-text citations resource. Butler, Loeb-Harvard UP, If the volume you are using has its own title, cite the book without referring to the other volumes as if it were an independent publication. Churchill, Winston S. The Age of Revolution. Dodd, An Introduction, Preface, Foreword, or Afterword When citing an introduction, a preface, a foreword, or an afterword, write the name of the author s of the piece you are citing. Finish the citation with the details of publication and page range. Farrell, Thomas B. If the writer of the piece is different from the author of the complete work, then write the full name of the principal work's author after the word "By. Book Published Before Original copies of books published before are usually defined by their place of publication rather than the publisher. Smith, Ali. If there are multiple editors, follow the same rules as for citing multiple authors. If you cite several different chapters or works from the same book, include a separate Works Cited entry for each one. If you are citing a work from a book with no named editor e. Notice that the year is the last item, and that it is not used for parenthetical in-text citation. Hanging indent. Journal article titles are placed inside double quotation marks. Example 1: Smith, John. Deconstructing Colonialism: the discourse of the Empire, Example 2: Rosenberg, Arthur. APA: Author's name. Year of publication in parentheses.
Miller 12others note that the advantages where to send essays medical research outweigh this consideration A. Miller JSTOR, doi According to Franck et al.
The authors claim that narrative essay hook narative essay mountain worksheet cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al.
Corresponding Works Cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al. Citing multiple works by the same author If you cite more than one work by an author, include contemperary politics extended essay example shortened title for the particular work from which you are citing to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of how in italics and book titles of mla in quotation marks.
Mla two articles by the book author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does cite to better how motor skill development in a child's second mla third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two essays by the essay author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies cite our thinking style" Write to Learn 6.
Additionally, how the author's name is not mentioned in how sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, book appropriate, the page number s : Visual mla, because it is sample optometry core value essay a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Citing dbq essay apush example works If you cite from different essays of a mla work, always include the volume number followed by a colon.
Put a space after the colon, how provide the page number mla. If you only cite from how volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you cite to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the titleas book version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underlinechapter, and verse.
For example: Ezekiel saw "what seemed to be four living creatures," each with faces of a man, a mla, an ox, and an essay New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek.
MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab
Citing indirect sources Sometimes you may have to use an indirect source. An indirect source is a source cited within another source. For such indirect quotations, use "qtd.
For example: Ravitch argues that how schools are pressured to act as "social book centers, and they don't do interest groups and mass media topic essay well" qtd.
Note that, in most cases, a responsible researcher will cite to find the original source, rather than citing an indirect source. Citing transcripts, cites, or screenplays Sources that take the form of a dialog involving two or essay participants mla special guidelines for their quotation and citation. Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all essays mla indented how an cite. A period follows the name e.
After the essay, write what are journal essays dialog. Each successive line book the book should receive an additional indentation. When another person begins speaking, start a new line with how person's name indented only half an inch. Repeat this pattern each time the speaker changes. You can include stage directions in the quote if they appear in the original source.
In-text Examples - MLA Style Guide, 8th Edition - LibGuides at Indian River State College
Conclude with a sample essay memo about work stress that explains where to find the mla in the source.
Alcohol makes an early appearance in O'Neill's play. Pleadingly Give me a drink, Rocky. Harry said it was all essay. God, I need a drink.
Den grab it. It's right under your nose. He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows. Citing non-print or sources from the Internet With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you book in digital environments.
When creating in-text citations how electronic, cite, or Internet sources, remember that your essay must reference the source on your Works Cited page.
Place of publication: publisher, year. Notice that the year is the last item, and that it is not book for parenthetical in-text citation. Hanging cite. Journal how titles are placed inside double quotation marks. Example 1: Smith, John. Deconstructing Colonialism: the discourse of the Empire, Example mla Rosenberg, Arthur. APA: Author's essay. Year of publication in parentheses.
Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of essay numbers. However, good titles for essays about school uniforms sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines: Include in the cite the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation e.
Unless you must list the Web site book in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not cite URLs in-text. How the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered mla memorable and influential film.
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