See Full Citation. If you want reference a paper found in another article, do so as follows: Driblick , in Oobleck A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e. Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska. Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage.
Sometimes you might hear students refer to a "Bibliography" page. A Bibliography page is similar to a References page—the exception, of course, is that APA style specifically refers to it as a "References" page. In fact, you use the word References at the top of the page before you begin listing your sources. Even if your paper has only one source, the word References at the top of the page remains plural. No matter what type of paper that you are writing—a thesis paper, dissertation, or term paper—you will find yourself extracting research and information from print and online sources to support your own viewpoints and arguments in your paper.
Cite your sources To avoid plagiarism and to give proper credit to the originator of the information, you must take responsibility to cite every piece of information that you use in your paper. APA style has specific requirements for formatting various types of sources. In this Hub, I will focus on formatting print sources, such as books, magazines, journals, and articles. Any source that you cite in the main text of your paper is called an "in-text citation.
The full and complete information of each in-text citation is listed on the References page. Include a page header also known as the "running head" at the top of every page. The running head is a shortened version of your paper's title and cannot exceed 50 characters including spacing and punctuation. Title Page The title page should contain the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation.
Include the page header described above flush left with the page number flush right at the top of the page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide.
Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose.
Your title may take up one or two lines. Do not feel the need to discuss every element of your table in your text. Instead, mention key highlights and tell the reader what to look for in your table. Table Headings Table headings should be located flush right. Each column should be identified using a descriptive heading.
The first letter of each heading should be capitalized. Abbreviations for standard terms e. M, SD, etc. Uncommon definitions should be explained in a note below the table. Additional Notes If additional explanation is needed, a note can be added below the table. There are three kinds of notes: General notes, specific notes, and probability notes. General notes refer to some aspect of the entire table; specific notes refer to a particular column or row; probability notes specify the probability level.
A Quick Checklist Is the table needed to present data or could the data simply be presented in the text? Does the title of your table clearly but briefly explain what it is about? Is the spacing consistent throughout the table? Does the body of the paper refer to the table? Is each column of the table clearly labeled? If your paper contains more than one table, are they similar in format and presentation?
Are any special or uncommon abbreviations explained in notes?
Keep it consistent. Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad Or, you can use our automatic generator. Discuss whether or not your hypothesis was confirmed or not supported by your results. Begin with the introduction and indent the first line of the paragraph.
Remember that your table is there to supplement rather than replicate the text of your paper. Additionally, as a general rule, only provide reference entries for sources that were specifically cited or mentioned in your paper. One of the first rules you should observe on your reference page: If you cited the article in your paper, it must appear in the reference list. Instead of typing out long, drawn out descriptions, create a drawing or image.
Cite your sources This page should include the title of your paper, your name, and your school affiliation.
See Full Citation. The one difference is that you can include the month, day and year of publication if available , whereas a journal article only requires the month and year. Here are a few pointers to keep in mind: Choose to type out your data OR create a table. Begin with the name of the reference's author. You do not need to list the citation multiple times in a footnote if used more than once.
You should also avoid any extraneous words that do not add meaning to your title.
Italicize the name of the publication and the volume number.