Does the author talk about apples frequently? This may indicate an underlying pattern of good versus evil in the story apples are characteristic of The Garden of Eden.
Give your overall opinion of the work. Would you recommend the work to others? Use personal adjectives that express how you felt while reading this book and how you feel after reading. Mention about the theme, subject, and audience This is about the main part of the commentary, i. In this section, you have to describe the main text and its focus. Discuss the answers to basic questions like who and what is the center of the text?
What is the main point of the text? What purpose has been achieved through the content of the article? What are the outcomes? In an article, the characters and the main event associated with them can be considered as a subject. Then comes the audience. You can identify by observing the dedication of the work towards a particular person or a group.
This person or a group can be considered as the audience of the content. Then you have to describe the theme. It can be a descriptive word. Observe the structure and genre of the content The content will be in a specific form. You have to identify if the content matches a particular genre like a poetry or a story or a travel experience. It can also be a fiction or non-fiction content.
For example, it may be an archetypal Romantic exploration of man and nature. In this it can be helpful to say something about the mode of the poem and identify its genre or form if you can.
For example, is it rhetorical, contemplative or close to a song? Is it narrative or descriptive? Is it an elegy? Is it a sonnet? The Main Body of the Commentary A commentary should be concerned with the passage or poem as a whole, but it should also show the development through the passage or poem. This means that an appropriate structure for writing a commentary may be to follow this development.
To do so in an illuminating way will very likely involve paying attention to the compositional structure of the passage or poem: does it divide into sections and, if so, how? What is the compositional movement through the passage or poem? As you write your commentary you should be looking to illuminate the theme or themes or mood or emotion that the passage or poem illustrates and explores.
This is not just a matter of identifying the theme but also of looking at how it is presented. How does the theme develop? How do contrasting themes relate? Is the theme typical of the story as a whole? When you refer to the passage or poem, this should be done clearly and succinctly by reference, for example, to first, second etc. You do not therefore need to quote large sections from the text. In this case you should consider not only what is revealed about a character but also how this is done, and maybe relate this to other aspects of the passage too.
It is within the commentary that students share their original thoughts and unique insights about a piece of literature. This presents a challenge for students who are often left asking what to write, and it can be tricky to teach students how to write commentary without putting words in their mouths.
As an English teacher, I have focused on teaching my students how to craft their writing into powerful essays. And I have worked to develop strategies for enabling students to avoid plot summary while taking their commentary to a deeper, more meaningful level.
I have developed two key strategies for enabling students to expand their commentary and explain their textual evidence in a way that will help them write with more confidence. One of these methods is more commonly known. How does this happen?
Note the major event when the major work was introduced. What is their significance? UCL facilities.
However, in your commentary on a historical document you will need to determine the type of the document legal act, administrative document, diplomatic act, polemical work, foreign account, etc. In some cases it may also be useful to identify the broader literary context, e. Read each word and sentence carefully to understand the read between lines that the author wants to convey. In this it can be helpful to say something about the mode of the poem and identify its genre or form if you can. You do not therefore need to quote large sections from the text.
Give a brief synopsis of the book that you read. How does the theme develop? What is their significance?
Read it loudly and several times so that you will be able to have thoughts and ideas. You do not therefore need to quote large sections from the text. When students are able to recognize that every single quotation contains hidden messages about theme and that those messages come through literary devices, they are able to find the pathway to writing effective commentary.
Stanza organisation and rhyme scheme can help you to identify the compositional structure of the poem, and any change in these will be significant and is likely to accompany and highlight changes on other levels.
Follow the steps given below. In an article, the characters and the main event associated with them can be considered as a subject. In this section, you have to describe the main text and its focus. When you note down the ideas, make sure to highlight the important keywords. Look for such words and highlight them. Introduction The introduction should provide a framework for the main body of your commentary.
When looking at style in terms of lexis and syntax, you should consider what kinds of word are being used and their register. In fact, there are many, many comments one can make about a piece of evidence, and no two people will explain the same piece of evidence in the exact same way.
What is the role of the narrator? How are they arranged or developed through the poem? What is the main point of the text? Use personal adjectives that express how you felt while reading this book and how you feel after reading. As you write your commentary you should be looking to illuminate the theme or themes or mood or emotion that the passage or poem illustrates and explores. As with a commentary on a prose passage, this situation of the poem should be concise but sufficient.
And lastly, there will be a conclusion in which you summarize your analysis of the content.
Is it humorous or satirical? When dealing with poetry, you should also look at other formal aspects, such as rhyme or sound play, stanza organisation, rhythm and metre, enjambment and internal rhyme see the separate handout for information on this. In fact, there are many, many comments one can make about a piece of evidence, and no two people will explain the same piece of evidence in the exact same way. Is the lexis conversational? Mark them with a highlighter or pen in your notes. For example, it may be a turning point in the narrative or key exposition of a character.