Most critical essays will have three to six paragraphs, unless the requirements state otherwise. The Conclusion The conclusion of a critical essay is no different than the conclusion of any other type of essay. You should restate your thesis statement and summarize your key argument. It is wise to leave the reader with something to consider or a strong statement that ties into your essay as a whole.
Your goal is to leave the reader with the desire to want to learn more, or the urge to research the topic more on their own free time. Discussion of the work's organization B.
Discussion of the work's style C. Effectiveness D. Discussion of the topic's treatment E. Select a Research Article Use the review article to select a research article. This can be very useful in writing your critique.
Analyse the Text Read the article s carefully. As you read the article s use the following questions to help you understand how and why the research was carried out. What is the author's central purpose? What methods were used to accomplish this purpose systematic recording of observations, analysis and evaluation of published research, assessment of theory? What were the techniques used? What kind of data can be obtained using each technique?
How are such data interpreted? What kind of information is produced by using the technique? What were the results of the study? How was each technique used to obtain each result? How did each result contribute to answering the question or testing the hypothesis raised in the introduction? How were the results interpreted? Were the author s able to answer the question test the hypothesis raised? Source of questions in each section Wood, 4. Establish the Research Context Once you are reasonably familiar with the article, it is important to gain an understanding of the research context, both societal and intellectual.
To establish the research context, questions such as the following should be addressed: Who conducted the research? When and where was the research conducted? To do this, the author first The argument is therefore Topic, as the author points out, can be viewed as In this recent contribution to the field of As a leading author in the field of The approach taken by the author provides the opportunity to examine According to Author Year teaching towards examinations is not as effective as it is in other areas of the curriculum.
This is because, as Author Year claims that examinations have undue status within the curriculum. Therefore the author believes that this is a reason for some school's… Evaluation language This argument is not entirely convincing, as However, through trying to integrate There are difficulties with such a position. Why should To summarise means to reduce a text to its main points and its most important ideas.
The length of your summary for a critical review should only be about one quarter to one third of the whole critical review. The best way to summarise is to: Scan the text.
Look for information that can be deduced from the introduction, conclusion and the title and headings. What do these tell you about the main points of the article? Locate the topic sentences and highlight the main points as you read. Reread the text and make separate notes of the main points. Examples and evidence do not need to be included at this stage.Print to PDF Structure of a Critical Review Critical reviews, both short one page and long four pagesusually have a college essay family divorce structure. Check your assignment instructions for formatting and structural specifications. Headings are usually optional for longer reviews and can be helpful for the reader. Introduction The length of an introduction is usually one paragraph for a journal article review and two or three paragraphs for a longer book review.
Are the methods valid for studying the problem?
Statement of topic and purpose B. Summarising and paraphrasing for the critical review Summarising and paraphrasing are essential skills for academic writing and in particular, the critical review. Critical Essay Outline The outline for your essay will be similar, regardless of the topic chosen. Does it accurately summarize the article? Remember to base your discussion on specific criteria. The reaction by scholars who take a
Research Lab Guide.
To establish the research context, questions such as the following should be addressed: Who conducted the research? As you complete your outline, move on to your rough draft, writing quickly, and including each of the key points or challenges you found in your initial review.
It is wise to leave the reader with something to consider or a strong statement that ties into your essay as a whole. Are there discrepancies between the results in the text and those in the tables?
While the title might suggest This explanation has a few weaknesses that other researchers have pointed out see Author, Year; Author, Year. Does the text complement, and not simple repeat, data? Critical Essay Outline The outline for your essay will be similar, regardless of the topic chosen.
Approach B Another common way to structure a journal article critique is the following: Introduction In the introduction, cite the journal article in full and provide a summary of the journal article.