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How to write results of a research paper

  • 21.04.2019

Instead of using only descriptive text for your scholarly article, consider other visual ways and representations that improve the academic writing of your research paper. Figures, tables and graphs are useful methods for gathering a great deal of information into one place that can then be mentioned in the content of your article. If any research question or hypothesis is confirmed by your data and analysis, you can point to a table or figure that illustrates your finding.

When you present tables or figures in your results section, make sure to describe at least some of the data included in these visual representations so that readers can clearly understand how the table works and what interpretations can be concluded from them. You can also use appendices if you have many other helpful figures or tables that cannot be fully included in the text of your academic article.

Presenting Research Findings and Statistical Significance A systematic description of your research results and a correct data analysis and interpretation are related to statistical significance, as they help avoid speculations or misinterpretations by readers of your academic article. A short paragraph that concludes the results section by synthesizing the key findings of the study.

Highlight the most important findings you want readers to remember as they transition into the discussion section. This is particularly important if, for example, there are many results to report, the findings are complicated or unanticipated, or they are impactful or actionable in some way [i.

Reference to findings should always be described as having already happened because the method of gathering data has been completed. Problems to Avoid When writing the results section, avoid doing the following: Discussing or interpreting your results. Save this for the next section of your paper, although where appropriate, you should compare or contrast specific results to those found in other studies [e.

Reporting background information or attempting to explain your findings. This should have been done in your introduction section, but don't panic! Often the results of a study point to the need for additional background information or to explain the topic further, so don't think you did something wrong. Revise your introduction as needed. Ignoring negative results. If some of your results fail to support your hypothesis, do not ignore them.

Document them and then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study. Note that negative results, and how you handle them, offer you the opportunity to write a more engaging discussion section, therefore, don't be hesitant to highlight them. Including raw data or intermediate calculations.

Ask your professor if you need to include any raw data generated by your study, such as transcripts from interviews or data files. If raw data is to be included, place it in an appendix or set of appendices that are referred to in the text. Revise your introduction as needed. Ignoring negative results. If some of your results fail to support your hypothesis, do not ignore them.

Document them, then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study. Note that negative results, and how you handle them, often provides you with the opportunity to write a more engaging discussion section, therefore, don't be afraid to highlight them. Including raw data or intermediate calculations.

Ask your professor if you need to include any raw data generated by your study, such as transcripts from interviews or data files. If raw data is to be included, place it in an appendix or set of appendices that are referred to in the text. Be as factual and concise as possible in reporting your findings. Do not use phrases that are vague or non-specific, such as, "appeared to be greater or lesser than If you feel the need to highlight something, you will have a chance to do that in the discussion section.

Confusing figures with tables. Be sure to properly label any non-textual elements in your paper. If you are not sure, look up the term in a dictionary. While your study might not have supported your original predictions, your finding can provide important inspiration for future explorations into a topic. You might not have supported your hypothesis, but your findings may help you develop another hypothesis to explore in future studies. Summarize Your Results Do not include the raw data in the results section.

Remember, you are summarizing the results, not reporting them in full detail. The results section should be a relatively brief overview of your findings, not a complete presentation of every single number and calculation. If you choose, you can create a supplemental online archive where other researchers can access the raw data if they choose to do so. Include Tables and Figures Your results section should include both text and illustrations.

Presenting data in this way makes it easier for readers to quickly look at your results. Structure your results section around tables or figures that summarize the results of your statistical analysis. Include the date s of the study e.

It is often a good idea to include a map labeled as a Figure showing the study location in relation to some larger more recognizable geographic area. Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area.

NOTE: For laboratory studies you need not report the date and location of the study UNLESS it is necessary information for someone to have who might wish to repeat your work or use the same facility. Most often it is not. If you have performed experiments at a particular location or lab because it is the only place to do it, or one of a few, then you should note that in your methods and identify the lab or facility.

Top of Page Describe your experimental design clearly. Be sure to include the hypotheses you tested, controls, treatments, variables measured, how many replicates you had, what you actually measured, what form the data take, etc. Always identify treatments by the variable or treatment name, NOT by an ambiguous, generic name or number e. When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment.

A general experimental design worksheet is available to help plan your experiments in the core courses.

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Top of Page Describe the organism s used in the study. This results giving the 1 source supplier or where and how the orgranisms paper collected2 typical size weight, length, etc3 how they were results, fed, and housed before the experiment, 4 how how were handled, fed, and housed during the experiment. In write studies include the paper or genetic stocks used. For some research, age may be write important factor. For example, did research use mouse pups or how
Someone else should be able to go to the exact location of your study site if they want to repeat or check your work, or just visit your study area. The academic writing should be clear, impartial, and objective. Many people who read research papers, including teachers, editors and professors, hate the passive voice.

Importance of a Good Results Section

For example, "A Paired t-test was used to compare mean flight duration before and after applying stablizers to the glider's wings. When your paper includes more than one experiment, use subheadings to help organize your presentation by experiment. As you write your discussion section, look back on your results section to ensure that all the data you need is there to fully support the conclusions you reach. Bates College; Kretchmer, Paul. Try to be objective and provide only received data here. NOTE: The discussion section should generally follow the same format chosen in presenting and organizing the results.
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How to write results of a research paper
A Word From Verywell Remember, the results section of your paper is all about simply providing the data from your study. In many cases, the easiest way to accomplish this is to first create your tables and figures and then organize them in a logical way. The description must include both physical and biological characteristics of the site pertinant to the study aims. Subsequently, these can be referenced and analyzed under separate headings and paragraphs in the text. Be concise, using non-textual elements, such as figures and tables, if appropriate, to present results more effectively. Don't call a chart an illustration or a figure a table.

Writing a Results Section

With hundreds of qualified editors from dozens of scientific fields, Wordvice has helped thousands of authors revise their manuscripts and get accepted into their target journals. Your task is only to provide readers with well-structured information you have obtained during your work and to organize this information properly. The results section is not the place for analysis. Since you'll be talking about your own interpretation of the results in the discussion section, you need to be sure that the information reported in the results section justifies your claims.
How to write results of a research paper
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Definition

Results Discussion The introduction is the section of the research paper where you introduce the question you are looking to investigate and explain why you are doing so. If there are statistics or quotes or other writing paper have found that lends itself to supporting your investigation, you can introduce it research. For example, if you are writing about write or not the Loch Ness insurance agency sample business plan how real, you can share quotes or statistics about the number of times results people have said they've seen it. The next section of the paper, the review of literature, should be a synthesis of the research that you've done thus far that has informed your hypothesis.
How to write results of a research paper
Reporting background information or attempting to explain your findings; this should have been done in your Introduction section, but don't panic! This is more common in longer papers because it helps the reader to better understand each finding. If your experiment confirmed your hypothesis, save the discussion about that for the discussion section. To create a caption, consider the research question being asked and change it into a phrase. Describe how the data were summarized and analyzed. This is the preferred approach if you have multiple results of equal significance.
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Zolora

The results section is only for the results of the research. Step 4: Draft your Results section using the findings and figures you have organized.

Faunris

After all, if you talk about something that happened in the past or that happened to someone, you will need to use words like "was" and "had. Document them and then state in your discussion section why you believe a negative result emerged from your study. Both approaches are appropriate in how you report your findings, but choose only one format to use. If not, go back and fix it. Do not use phrases that are vague or non-specific, such as, "appeared to be greater than other variables A related sequence of actions can be combined into one sentence to improve clarity and readability: Problematic Example: This is a very long and wordy description of a common, simple procedure.

Tonos

The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of data to be reported. A reader may well expect the following sentence to be about the invaders. Structure and Writing Style I. Describe the procedures for your study in sufficient detail that other scientists could repeat your work to verify your findings. Bates College; Schafer, Mickey S. Do not confuse observations with interpretations; observations in this context refers to highlighting important findings you discovered through a process of reviewing prior literature and gathering data.

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