General statements The general statements will introduce the topic of the essay and give background information. The background information for a short essay will generally just be one or two sentences. The general statements should become more and more specific as the introduction progresses, leading the reader into the essay some writers talk about "attracting the readers' attention", though for an academic essay, this is less important.
For longer essays, the general statements could include one or more definitions , or could classify the topic, and may cover more than one paragraph. The following is an example of background statements for a short essay given below : Although they were invented almost a hundred years ago, for decades cars were only owned by the rich. Since the 60s and 70s they have become increasingly affordable, and now most families in developed nations, and a growing number in developing countries, own a car.
These sentences introduce the topic of the essay cars and give some background to this topic situation in the past, the situation now. These sentences lead nicely into the thesis statement see below.
The thesis is specific enough to fully explore the essay, but it's not so specific that there is nothing more to write about. Sample Introduction Paragraph Your first draft may not have the best opening, but as you continue to write, new ideas will come to you and your thoughts will develop a clearer focus. Take note of these and, as you work through revisions , refine and edit your opening.
If you're struggling with the opening, follow the lead of other writers and skip it for the moment. Many writers begin with the body and conclusion and come back to the introduction later. It's a useful, time-efficient approach if you find yourself stuck in those first few words. Start where it's easiest to start. You can always go back to the beginning or rearrange later, especially if you have an outline completed or general framework informally mapped out.
If you don't have an outline, even just starting to sketch one can help organize your thoughts and "prime the pump" as it were. Successful Introductory Paragraphs You can read all the advice you want about writing a compelling opening, but it's often easier to learn by example. Let's see how some writers approached their essays and analyze why they work so well. Match the statements to the correct sentence type. Some students who enrol in university studies have difficulties with their writing skills.
Discuss the reasons for this problem and critically assess the effectiveness of university intervention writing programs. Background statement. The first sentence also includes the topic for this paragraph--imagery in a dynamic scene.
Again, a quotation is taken from the story, and it is briefly discussed. The last sentence uses the words "one blind eye" which was in the quotation. This expression provides the transitional hook for the last paragraph in the body of the paper.
In the first sentence of the fourth paragraph third paragraph in the body , "one blind eye" is used that hooks into the previous paragraph. This first sentence also lets the reader know that this paragraph will deal with descriptions of people: ".
The last sentence uses the word "image" which hooks into the last paragraph. It is less important that this paragraph has a hook since the last paragraph is going to include a summary of the body of the paper.
Try to write your introduction straight from your question analysis, then review it many times while you are writing the body of the essay—this will help you to keep your essay on target i. Purpose of the introduction When writing an introduction to an academic essay, it is useful to remember the main purpose of the introduction. Figure 1: A pattern for introduction paragraphs Exercise 2: Sentence types in introduction paragraphs Read the following question and the sample introduction paragraph. Advertisement Don't like ads?
Be sure your anecdote is short, to the point, and relevant to your topic. It informs readers about the topic and why they should care about it, but also adds enough intrigue to get them to continue to read. Follow dialogue with a sentence or two of elaboration.
Get the main focus clear. This is important if your subject has more than one meaning. Your introduction paragraph should offer the reader a sense of what they ought to expect from your essay, not to give further details about every piece of knowledge out there. Most of the rats—customers, I mean—follow a routine pattern, strolling up and down the aisles, checking through my chute, and then escaping through the exit hatch. In the first example, we see all three elements.
Your first draft may not have the best opening, but as you continue to write, new ideas will come to you and your thoughts will develop a clearer focus. In the first sentence of the fourth paragraph third paragraph in the body , "one blind eye" is used that hooks into the previous paragraph.
A Sample Paper 1Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is.
One way to do this is to come up with a brilliant opening line. As we said before, it is all about engagement and presenting your topic to your reader. In short, the main purpose of the introduction is to: introduce the topic of the essay; give a general background of the topic; indicate the overall plan of the essay. About introduction paragraphs The introduction to an essay is very important. This is the main tip on how to write an essay introduction. The Five-Paragraph Essay A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay.
The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence.
Keep in mind that you can always adjust your introductory paragraph later. Always stick to the formal language and tone — academic writing is very strict to everything about the paper format.
The thesis is specific enough to fully explore the essay, but it's not so specific that there is nothing more to write about. It is in the second paragraph where we find out that it's quite the opposite.