More and more cultural studies scholars are accepting popular media as a subject worthy of academic consideration. Or the review might focus on the economic impact of whaling on a community. A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers. Put in only what is necessary. Systematic reviews are not a solo effort; a team of several people is required for this type of review. A systematic review aims to answer a specific question, which must be clarified at the outset.
That balance will depend on how much you already know. Specify the search terms that you use in these searches. Will the reader find my literature review relevant, appropriate, and useful? Outline your list of criteria that articles must meet before you include them in your review.
What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc. Figure out a mini-conceptual schema based on that theme by grouping together those excerpts that say the same thing.
While the study focuses on one topic, harpoon technology, it will still be organized chronologically. In what ways does this book or article contribute to our understanding of the problem under study, and in what ways is it useful for practice? Calls for follow-up studies relevant to your project 4. LinkedIn Writing a literature review is often the most daunting part of writing an article, book, thesis, or dissertation. However, sometimes literature reviews are produced as research reports in their own right.
Assess these research articles to ensure that they meet your eligibility criteria. What discipline am I working in e. Search strategy. Use evidence In the example above, the writers refer to several other sources when making their point. The following provides a brief description of the content of each: Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question If you are writing an annotated bibliography, you may need to summarize each item briefly, but should still follow through themes and concepts and do some critical assessment of material.
Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. Are there ideas that go together or that are in dialogue with each other? Find models Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review. For the sperm whale project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of whales in American, British, and French art work. For people writing literature reviews for articles or books, this system also could work, especially when you are writing in a field with which you are already familiar.
Do I follow through a set of concepts and questions, comparing items to each other in the ways they deal with them? Here are a couple of examples: The current trend in treatment for congestive heart failure combines surgery and medicine. Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. Move around the slips of paper until you come up with a way of organizing the codes that makes sense. Figure out what the main themes are.
Pick one of these themes to focus the organization of your review. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept e. However, sometimes literature reviews are produced as research reports in their own right. Who writes these things, anyway?