Medium of original work may be included. For images referenced in a text: Include them in Works Cited list without figure numbers. List artist's name, title of work italicized , date of composition, medium and name of institution that houses the collection. Including URLs in citations of online resources is optional. Be consistent with caption display choices throughout your paper or slideshow. Works referenced in text Neel, Alice. Nancy and the Rubber Plant. Oil on canvas. The Estate of Alice Neel.
The seminars that are often a part of humanities courses can provide opportunities for students to develop the communication and interpersonal skills that are valued by employers Lyon, The text reference above indicates to the reader that the point being made draws on a work by Lyon, published in An alternative format is shown in the example below.
Knapper and Cropley p. Note that in this example reference has been made to a specific point within a very long text in this instance a book and so a page number has been added. This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made. You should always include the page number when you include a passage of direct quotation from another writer's work. When a publication has several authors, it is usual to give the surname of the first author followed by et al.
Do not forget that you should also include reference to the source of any tables of data, diagrams or maps that you include in your work. If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: Figure 1: The continuum of influences on learning from Knapper and Cropley, p. Even if you have reorganised a table of data, or redrawn a figure, you should still acknowledge its source: Table 1: Type of work entered by humanities graduates data from Lyon, Table 8.
You may need to cite an unpublished idea or discussion point from an oral presentation, such as a lecture. The format for the text citation is normally exactly the same as for a published work and should give the speaker's name and the date of the presentation.
Recent research on the origins of early man has challenged the views expressed in many of the standard textbooks Barker, If the idea or information that you wish to cite has been told to you personally, perhaps in a discussion with a lecturer or a tutor, it is normal to reference the point as shown in the example below. The experience of the Student Learning Centre at Leicester is that many students are anxious to improve their writing skills, and are keen to seek help and guidance Maria Lorenzini, pers.
The examples given below are used to indicate the main principles. Book references The simplest format, for a book reference, is given first; it is the full reference for one of the works quoted in the examples above. Knapper, C. London: Croom Helm. The reference above includes: the surnames and forenames or initials of both the authors; the date of publication; the place of publication; the name of the publisher. The title of the book should be formatted to distinguish it from the other details; in the example above it is italicised, but it could be in bold, underlined or in inverted commas.
When multi-authored works have been quoted, it is important to include the names of all the authors, even when the text reference used was et al. Learn Oxford Format essay writing company. Academic essay template word. Citation essay. Law essay how to reference metricer com. Harvard essay examples a Making changes to quotations. Essay reference example essay outline template free sample example format download sample research essay outline template download.
Just make sure that Citing source so Information on farms remains uncertain because of a widely used Your paper Contents builder will improve the work. References in essays. Two of the most commonly used fonts are Arial and Times New Roman. It is important for the reader to be able to distinguish the difference between italicized and regular font, so if you choose a font style different than Arial or Times New Roman, make sure the difference between the two type styles is evident.
The use of a point font size is recommended as this is the default size for many word processing programs. It is acceptable to use another standard size, such as point or Make 1 inch margins on the top, bottom, and sides The first word in every paragraph should be indented one half inch.
Indent set-off quotations one inch from the left margin Use any type of font that is easy to read, such as Times New Roman. Make sure that italics look different from the regular typeface. Use 12 point size Double space the entire research paper, even the works cited page.
Leave one space after periods and other punctuation marks, unless your instructor tells you to make two spaces. To create a header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin.
Double space once more and center the title. Do NOT underline, bold, or type the title in all capital letters. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Example: Character Development in The Great Gatsby Do not place a period after the title or after any headings Double space between the title and first lines of the text Punctuation Here are a few guidelines to keep in mind in relation to punctuation marks.
Commas: Use commas when it makes sense for individuals to pause while reading or to help with understanding. Concluding Sentences: When closing out a sentence with the use of a punctuation mark, begin the following sentence after one space, not two spaces. Quotes: When including a quote in your paper or assignment, place the period outside of the parentheses, at the end of the entire sentence.
Notice that the period is on the outside of the parentheses, not at the end of the quote itself. Abbreviations Abbreviations are commonly used in many source types including websites, blog posts, books, and journal articles. It is acceptable to use abbreviations in all of these sources. When it comes to school and research assignments however, the Modern Language Association prefers abbreviations to rarely be used.
Spelling out abbreviations into their full words and meaning is recommended. This ensures understanding and avoids any confusion. Instead of coming across choppy abbreviations, readers can follow the natural flow of the language in the paper. There are times when you may feel it is perfectly acceptable to use an abbreviation rather than its typed out counterpart in a paper.
.The name highlighted should always be the name under which the work will have been filed on the library shelves or referenced in any indexing system. If your instructor requires you to create a standalone title page, ask him or her for specifications. London: Croom Helm. Rules for the formatting of the detailed references follow the same principles as for the reference lists for the 'author, date' system.
The examples given below are used to indicate the main principles. ARTstor, Inc. To include a footnote or endnote, add a superscript number at the end of the sentence the footnote or endnote refers to. If there is a mix of lower case and upper case letters, do not use periods if the majority of the letters are upper case. When it comes to school and research assignments however, the Modern Language Association prefers abbreviations to rarely be used. It is not necessary to manually measure half an inch.
Do not forget that you should also include reference to the source of any tables of data, diagrams or maps that you include in your work. Related content. This gives the reader the opportunity to find the particular place in the text where the point referred to is made. Although this method differs in style from the 'author, date' system, its purpose - to acknowledge the source of ideas, data or quotations without undue interruption to the flow of the writing - is the same. Concluding Sentences: When closing out a sentence with the use of a punctuation mark, begin the following sentence after one space, not two spaces. This will encourage the reader to stay focused on the text of the research paper, instead of having to read through all of the reference information.
This is an example of a proper MLA style citation in the body of a project. You should always include the page number when you include a passage of direct quotation from another writer's work. Digital video disc should be DVD, not D. To create a header, follow these steps: Begin one inch from the top of the first page and flush with the left margin. In some academic disciplines, footnotes and endnotes are not only used for references, but also to contain elaborations or explanations of points made in the main text. Need further help with quotes or MLA format examples?
ARTstor, Inc. Quotes should not take up the majority of your paper or assignment.
To make this process easier, set your word processor to automatically add the last name and page number to each page. If you have included a straight copy of a table or figure, then it is usual to add a reference to the table or figure caption thus: Figure 1: The continuum of influences on learning from Knapper and Cropley, p. Only italicize words that would normally be italicized in the text. Formatting references If you look carefully at all the examples of full references given above, you will see that there is a consistency in the ways in which punctuation and capitalisation have been used.
This is an example of a proper MLA style citation in the body of a project. Here is an example of a running head that might be seen in the top right corner of a research paper: Peterson 7 The running head is placed half an inch from the top margin and one inch from the right margin of the page. Quite often, the running head and page numbers begin on the second page, but your instructor may ask you to include the running head on the first page of the assignment.