Titles of books, plays, films, periodicals, databases, and websites are italicized. Articles, essays, chapters, poems, webpages, songs, and speeches are placed in quotation marks. Sometimes titles will contain other titles. OR MLA lists electronic sources, such as web pages, as "web publications. Date of access Date of access is the date you found and used the material.
You should always be able to include this in a citation! Remember, when creating a citation dates are written in a particular order - day, month, year. Example - 17 Nov. A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled. Type both label and title flush left on separate lines above the table, and capitalize them as titles do not use all capital letters.
Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. A table in a research paper. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig. If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary. A figure in a research paper. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex.
Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no. A musical example in a research paper. The purpose is to gather information about a current issue or problem and to communicate where we are today. It sheds light on issues and attempts to fill those gaps with suggestions for future research and methods.
It is different from literature reviews in that it attempts to explain or solve a problem by coming up with a new theory. This theory is justified with valid evidence.
Methodological articles These articles showcase new advances, or modifications to an existing practice, in a scientific method or procedure. The author has data or documentation to prove that their new method, or improvement to a method, is valid. Plenty of evidence is included in this type of article.
In addition, the author explains the current method being used in addition to their own findings, in order to allow the reader to understand and modify their own current practices. Case studies Case studies present information related an individual, group, or larger set of individuals. These subjects are analyzed for a specific reason and the author reports on the method and conclusions from their study.
Be direct, clear, and professional. Try not to add fluff and unnecessary details into your paper or writing. This will keep the paper length shorter and more concise. Margin sizes When it comes to margins, keep them consistent across the left, right, top, and bottom of the page. All four sides should be the same distance from the edge of the paper.
Title pages The title page, or APA format cover page, is the first page of a paper or essay. Some teachers and professors do not require a title page, but some do. Here are key guidelines to developing your title page: The title of the paper should capture the main idea of the essay, but should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. The title should be centered on the page and typed in point, Times New Roman font. Do not underline, bold, or italicize the title.
Your title may take up one or two lines, but should not be more than 12 words in length. All text on the title page should be double-spaced. The APA format examples paper below displays proper spacing, so go take a look!
The institutional affiliation is the school the author attends or the location where the author conducted the research. Sample of an APA format title page: 5. By Cite This For ME With so many writing styles out there, it can be difficult to remember how to format titles of sources in your paper, reference list and in text citations.
What makes this even more challenging is the fact that title treatment can depend on where you are including it in your paper, as well as what writing style you are using. How to format titles in APA style Within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source.
Examples APA Format:. This will keep the paper length shorter and more concise. List the full title as it is written on the source. Example: Gender and Society journal Example: Anthology of contemporary short fiction book Titles of short works, such as journal articles and webpages, are put in single quotation marks.
Many visual learners would appreciate the ability to look at an image to make sense of information. Double space again and center the title. Example: Miller, J.
Capitalize the first letter for each important word. It goes into more detail about this problem than the abstract. The author has data or documentation to prove that their new method, or improvement to a method, is valid. On the next line write the title.
Use a high-quality printer.
Hanging indention makes alphabetical lists easier to use. If your title is long over 50 characters , this running head title should be a shortened version of the title of your entire paper.
Give the source of the table and any notes immediately below the table in a caption. Preface the URL in your citation with the words "Retrieved from. Example: Miller, J. Single author: Put the last name first, followed by a comma, followed by the initial of the first name and the middle name, if available , then a period. Do not bold, underline, or italicize the title. Always follow your instructor's guidelines.
Citation examples are at the bottom of the page. Institution or organization associated with the site You want to discover the university, government agency, business, etc. Please confirm with your instructor that these rules apply to your paper. Try our automatic generator and watch how we create APA citation format references for you in just a few clicks. The body of most scientific papers On the page after the abstract, begin with the body of the paper. This Discussion section is a chance to analyze and interpret your results.
When creating a citation, list authors last name first. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text. Example: Miller, J. The title should be centered on the page and typed in point, Times New Roman font. The header should look like this on the other pages: 6. Try using Cite This For Me to create the citations and bibliography for your next paper.