At Masters level, originality is more routinely expected. A key aspect to this — the most challenging element of academic work — is confidence in your intellectual acuity. Lay the foundations through mastery of the more prosaic elements, then develop the confidence to speak with a new voice. Research skills One of the biggest step-changes between undergraduate and Masters studies is the premium placed on research.
Go beyond the reading lists provided by lecturers and directors of studies to demonstrate your initiative in finding your own sources.
Writing is an active and constructive process; it is not merely a neutral recording of your thoughts. It is therefore useful to go into the writing process expecting to make revisions.
The first words you write do not have to be part of the final version. Editing your writing as you develop your ideas is a positive not a negative process: the more you cross out, re-write, and re-order, the better your essay should become.
Establishing a relevant structure to support your argument All essays need structure. The structure may be strong and clear, or it may be unobtrusive and minimal but, in a good essay, it will be there.
Again this may be strong and obvious, or it may be almost invisible, but it needs to be there. However, even in those essays that appear to be highly creative, unscientific, or personal, an argument of some kind is being made. It is the argument, and how you decide to present and back up your argument, that will influence your decision on how to structure your essay. The essay structure is not an end in itself, but a means to an end: the end is the quality of the argument.
By creating a relevant structure, you make it much easier for yourself to present an effective argument. There are several generic structures that can help you start to think about your essay structure e. These can be useful starting points, but you will probably decide to work with a more complicated structure e.
In addition to these macro-structures you will probably need to establish a micro-structure relating to the particular elements you need to focus on e. Fluid structures You may feel that, for your particular essay, structures like these feel too rigid.
You may wish to create a more flexible or fluid structure. An analogy could be that of symphony writing. This set out a pattern for the numbers of movements within the symphony, and for the general structure of writing within each movement. The continued popularity of their work today shows that they clearly managed to achieve plenty of interest and variety within that basic structure.
Later composers moved away from strict symphonic form. Some retained a loose link to it while others abandoned it completely, in favour of more fluid patterns.
It would be rare, however, to find a symphony that was without structure or pattern of any kind; it would probably not be satisfactory either to play or to listen to. Similarly, a structure of some kind is probably essential for every essay, however revolutionary. Your decisions on structure will be based on a combination of: the requirements of your department; the potential of the essay title; and your own preferences and skills.
An iterative, not necessarily a linear process The process of essay planning and writing does not need to be a linear process, where each stage is done only once. It is often an iterative process i.
Yes, I am a rather demanding person, but, well, my diploma is at stake. Lots of writing companies claim to have an impressive satisfactory rate, but if you try to talk to them, you realize that those are just words.
Writers are not easy to deal with, I know, but here you can really rely on them. Don't underestimate the time you will need. You may find that even with a higher word count it is difficult to fit all you want to say in.
You don't have to refer to each piece of evidence in the same depth. Sometimes you need to show that you understand the wider context of the issue, and a short summary of the key issue and key researchers is all that is needed.
For example: Many studies have investigated household accidents caused by cheese. These studies disagree about the most significant reasons for cheese-based injury with some arguing that choking on cheese poses the highest risk Muffet, ; Moon; ; Rennet, Other studies claim that burns from melted cheese are more hazardous Rechaud, ; Rarebit, , whilst a minority of recent studies have identified slipping on cheese as a growing danger Skepper, Then when I come to write, I have all of my material.
But quality matters more than quantity.Share via Email Always look out for flaws in arguments — and that includes your own. We spoke to experts to get some simple techniques that will raise your writing game. Tim Squirrell is a PhD student at the University of Masters, and essay writing dream house level for the first time this year. When he was asked to deliver sessions on the art of essay-writing, he decided to publish a comprehensive and brilliant blog on the topic, offering wisdom essays from turning out two or three essays a week for his own undergraduate degree. Write them and try to respond to them, so you become aware of flaws in your reasoning. Every argument has its limits and if you can try and writing those, the markers will often reward that.
At Masters level, originality is more routinely expected. An iterative, not necessarily a linear process The process of essay planning and writing does not need to be a linear process, where each stage is done only once. All essays should contain an analysis of concepts and demonstrate how they fit into the broader field of your topic. Go beyond the reading lists provided by lecturers and directors of studies to demonstrate your initiative in finding your own sources.
I would only recommend it as either a primer or a last resort, but it does have its place. They give your ideas a logical shape and guide you and your reader clearly to the conclusions you want to make. If left unplanned, the reading stage can swallow up huge amounts of time. Don't just stop at discussing the pros and cons of a debate; academics rarely agree on interpretations of theories or ideas, so academic knowledge is more like a complex network of views than two clear sides.
Delineate the scope of your paper Position the issues you intend to discuss within the broader field of your subject area.
If you write a critique of a play, film or book and so on, then you need to refer to the works of other critics as well as giving your own unique perspective. Begin with a general point Dr Faustus and Macbeth are both plays that show their respective playwrights at the pinnacle of their careers. These can be useful starting points, but you will probably decide to work with a more complicated structure e. The content of this central part will probably contain: ideas; explanations; evidence; relevant referencing; and relevant examples. Also, criticising your writing tends to be easier than creating it in the first place. However, even in those essays that appear to be highly creative, unscientific, or personal, an argument of some kind is being made.
Calculate the price of your order Type of paper needed:. Challenge assumptions and explain the reasoning behind your contentions. Conclusion A powerful conclusion is a valuable tool. When you write Masters level essays it is routinely expected that they are original and contain convincing arguments to demonstrate your mastery of the subject. Careless use of commas can actually change the meaning of a sentence. Three, answer the question.
With critical writing, you are doing work with the evidence you are using, by adding a level of examination and evaluation. You may wish to create a more flexible or fluid structure. The academic register Spelling, punctuation and grammar are such basic considerations as to be taken for granted. Immerse yourself in good quality English writing: read broadsheet newspapers and academic articles - but remember that the best writing style is clear and accurate, not unnecessarily complicated. But quality matters more than quantity.
Your writing needs to take these questions into account, and at least be aware of them, even if you don't address all of them.
It is the most common focus for study consultations among students using Learning Development. Then you need to plan how you will respond to every single element of the title. The example below relates to the essay title used on the previous page. The structure you choose needs to be one that will be most helpful to you in addressing the essay title.