Orange You Clever? According to super scientific studies, the scent of orange increases your memory. The great thing about this is that it increases your ability to retain information, making you a more efficient studier.
The Eyes Have It Everyone learns in different ways. Some people are tactile learners. Some people are textbook learners. The best evidence that I'm aware of shows that blue overlays improve reading comprehension for all readers, not just for those with reading disabilities.
This study did not use yellow overlays, only red and blue. Other studies have also concluded that what helps the student is any novel stimulus, especially those that cover the part of the reading exercise to be done. Attention and memory Attention refers to the cognitive process of selecting information that is available in the environment.
When we pay attention to certain information, we are actually selecting and focusing certain amount of information to be processed in our cognitive system.
The degree of attention attached to certain stimuli increase the probability of the information to be stored in memory 14 , 15 , 23 , In other words, the information that we pay more attention to is more likely to be remembered than the information that we ignore and do not pay attention to.
Numerous studies have reported that attention can increase memory performance level in terms of the recall rates 14 , 15 and also faster reaction time Attention, memory, and colour Colour helps us in memorizing certain information by increasing our attentional level.
The role played by colour in enhancing our attention level is undisputable 14 , The more attention focused on certain stimuli, the more chances of the stimuli to be transferred to a more permanent memory storage As stated earlier, colours have the potential to attract attention. Farley and Grant 13 , were among the earliest who came out with a theory suggesting that colours have a greater effect on attention.
This conclusion was based on their study on attention and cognition. They compared colour and noncolour multimedia presentations on memory performance. It was reported that the coloured multimedia presentation resulted in better attention than the non-coloured presentation. Greene, Bell, and Boyer 21 , further explained that warm types of colours such as yellow, red and orange have been found to have a greater effect on attention compared to the cool type of colours like brown and gray.
Pan 23 found similar findings in his study on working memory and visual attention. In his study, participants were asked to identify whether the colour or the shape of the two objects that were presented were the same.
In the first experiment, the colours of the two objects were the same but the shapes were different, while in the second experiment the conditions were reversed.
This finding can be interpreted to show that colours have a better and greater ability to capture attention than other variables. Pan 14 extended his previous study by verifying the colours.
He used visual geometrical shapes with various colours. In the memory test, the participants were asked to recognize the colours and the shapes of the items that were presented earlier on.
He found that participants performed better in recognizing the colour of the items than the shapes. This suggests that, colours can produce a higher level of attention and is effective to increase memory performance. Therefore, it can be concluded that colours have the tendency to capture better attention level, and thus, better memory.
Arousal and memory Arousal refers to the state of being alert physically and internally. Various body system and hormones may contribute to alertness The concept of arousal may include the physical, psychological, physiological, and emotional arousal. In the study of memory, emotional arousal is focused on more than the other types of arousal. MacKay and Ahmetzanov 25 conducted a study on the relationship between emotional arousal and memory by using taboo stroop paradigm.
They predicted better memory for taboo words which were more emotionally arousing than neutral words. It was found that the participants performed better in experimental conditions that were associated with emotionally arousing words taboo words than the conditions with neutral words This result complements the study of Heuer and Reisberg 27 , that found better retention in long-term recall with a high level of emotional arousal.
Similarly, a high level of arousal leads to enhancement of both short-term and long-term memory. In an experiment conducted by Corteen cited in 27 , which used aurally presented words, it was reported that higher recall was found after 20 minutes and two week delays. The same result was reported in an experiment which used a single arousing word.
Recall performance was found to be better with words that have arousal effect than non-arousal words. However, there was also evidence on the detrimental effects of arousal especially on short-term retention. For instance in learning, the participants who have high arousal effect remembered better in the delayed recall rather than shortly after learning process. According to Kleinsmith and Kaplan 28 , words that can produce greater arousal effect were better remembered after one week than two minutes after the learning process.
Thus, from the studies mentioned above, the level of arousal evoked by environmental stimuli can have a significant effect on memory performance in whether the short-term or long-term memory storage. Arousal, memory and colour Arousal, especially emotional arousal, can play an essential role in keeping the information in the memory system.
Colours can enhance the relationship between arousal and memory. Kaya and Epps 22 , asked their 98 college student volunteers in public institutions to associate colours with emotion. It was found that the majority of participants associated green colour with the feeling of calmness, happiness, comfort, peace, hope, and excitement.
Black colour was associated with the feeling of sadness, depression, fear, and anger. This means that colours have an emotional arousing effect. Please re-enter. You must select a newsletter to subscribe to. You may opt-out at any time. You agree to receive occasional updates and special offers for The New York Times's products and services.For permission, please email: moc. Abstract Human cognition involves many mental processes that are highly interrelated, such as perception, attention, memory, and thinking. An important and core cognitive process is memory, which is commonly associated with the storing and remembering of environmental information.
They found that more people chose the yellow and red rooms, but that partygoers in the blue room stayed longer. Choosing a place that faces a window, or has loads of natural light will help prevent you from feeling trapped or overwhelmed.
It is assumed that deeper level of analyses contributes to a more lasting and longer memory ability. This means that the different contrast of colour combination used only effects readability level but not memory or retention rate
The best of these tips is colour co-ordination. The shallow memory processes involve a basic and surface analysis of the information, such as the physical and sensory characteristic of the information. The entire program was extremely intense with lots of short duration courses. Thus, from the studies mentioned above, the level of arousal evoked by environmental stimuli can have a significant effect on memory performance in whether the short-term or long-term memory storage. November 17, Follow Your Nose Who ever said that scented highlighters were only for primary schoolers?
They used two different types of websites; an educational website which contained information regarding a neuroscience subject and a website which was more commercial that had an advertisement of products. This shows the importance of colour in making the information or message more attractive to the public. However, there was also evidence on the detrimental effects of arousal especially on short-term retention. According to the authors, the images in the low contrast level were hardly visible and seen.
Nevertheless, in this study, the colours chosen and the manipulation in the figure and background colours may explain the result obtained. A similar finding was reached in a recall test conducted by Smilek and colleagues Smilek, Dixon, and Merikle 15 , carried out a study to investigate the influence of colour on memory performance. Effects that were perhaps similarly primal were revealed in a study led by Andrew Elliot of the University of Rochester. In fact, research has shown that vivid colour cues can help to enhance the shortterm memory performance of Alzheimer Disease patients
November 17, Follow Your Nose Who ever said that scented highlighters were only for primary schoolers?
Arousal and memory Arousal refers to the state of being alert physically and internally. Conclusion An important aspect in successful and efficient cognitive functioning is the abilities to utilize the system to the fullest. Having pictures of your goals, like places you want to travel or future careers that interest you, or inspirational quotes will keep you motivated. There exist robust evidences from several studies that have been conducted to explore the relationship between colour and memory performance. The best of these tips is colour co-ordination.