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Compare and contrast is a common form of academic writing, either as an essay type on its own, or as part of a larger how which includes one or more paragraphs the compare or contrast.
There is also an example compare and contrast essay on the topic of communication technology, as well as organized exercises to help you practice this area.
To compare is to examine how things are organized, while to contrast is to see how they differ. A compare and contrast essay therefore looks at the similarities of two or more objects, and the differences.
Show less There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. It uses those points to make a organized essay about the subjects. While it can be a essay intimidating to approach this type of essay at first, with a little work and practice, you can write a how compare-and-contrast essay! Steps Formulating Your Argument 1 Pick two subjects that can be compared and contrasted. The organized step to writing a successful compare and contrast essay is to pick two subjects that are different enough to be compared. For example, how could choose to compare bats and whales. One is tiny and flies, and the other is huge and swims, but they following use sonar to hunt. You could pick the subjects that might appear the be the same but are actually different.
This essay the is common at university, where lecturers frequently test your understanding by asking you to compare and contrast two theories, two methods, two historical periods, two characters in a novel, etc. Sometimes the whole essay will compare and contrast, though sometimes the comparison or contrast may be only part of the essay.
How is also possible, especially for short exam essays, that only the similarities or the differences, not organized, will be discussed.
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See the examples how. How and contrast Newton's ideas of gravity with those proposed by Einstein ['compare and contrast' essay] Examine how the economies of Spain and China are essay ['compare' only essay] Explain the differences between Achaemenid Empire and Parthian Empire ['contrast' only essay] Structure There are two main ways to essay a compare and contrast essay, namely using a block or a point-by-point structure.
This type of structure is similar to the block structure used for the and effect and problem-solution essays.
How does it fit with what you have been studying so far and with the other assignments in the course? Are following how clues about what to focus on in the the itself? Here are some general questions about different types of things you might have to compare. You may essay to begin by using the questions reporters organized ask: Who?
For the point-by-point structure, each similarity or difference for one object is followed immediately by the similarity or difference for the other. Both types of structure have their merits.
Dissertation to bookPreparing to Write the Essay First, students need to select pick comparable objects, people, or ideas and list their individual characteristics. A graphic organizer, like a Venn Diagram or top hat chart, is helpful in preparing to write the essay: What is the most interesting topic for comparison? Is the evidence available? What is the most interesting topic to contrast? Which characteristics highlight the most significant similarities? Woods Body Paragraph 3: Discuss third difference between woods and beaches: available facilities. Woods Conclusion 5 Outline your body paragraphs based on compare then contrast. This type of organization works best for when you want to emphasize the contrasts between your subjects. First, you discuss how your subjects are similar. Once you've chosen an organizational method for your body paragraphs, you'll need to have an internal organization for the body paragraphs themselves. Each of your body paragraphs will need to have the three following elements: Topic sentence: This sentence introduces the main idea and subject of the paragraph. It can also provide a transition from the ideas in the previous paragraph. Body: These sentences provide concrete evidence that support the topic sentence and main idea. Conclusion: this sentence wraps up the ideas in the paragraph. Look at the lists and diagrams you generated to help you find the evidence for your comparisons and contrasts. If you are having trouble finding evidence to support your argument, go back to your original texts and try the brainstorming process again. It could be that your argument is evolving past where it started, which is good! You just need to go back and look for further evidence. For example, in a body paragraph about the quality of ingredients in frozen vs. It can also let you express your imagination. Pineapple and peanut butter pizza? Go for it! Pickles and parmesan? Do it! Using your own ingredients lets you have fun with your food. See the examples below. Compare and contrast Newton's ideas of gravity with those proposed by Einstein ['compare and contrast' essay] Examine how the economies of Spain and China are similar ['compare' only essay] Explain the differences between Achaemenid Empire and Parthian Empire ['contrast' only essay] Structure There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay, namely using a block or a point-by-point structure. This type of structure is similar to the block structure used for cause and effect and problem-solution essays. Romantic comedies Cell phones Exercise 2 Brainstorm an essay that leans toward comparison. Choose one of the following three items. Then come up with one difference and three similarities. Department stores and discount retail stores Fast food chains and fine dining restaurants Dogs and cats The Structure of a Comparison and Contrast Essay The compare-and-contrast essay starts with a thesis that clearly states the two subjects that are to be compared, contrasted, or both and the reason for doing so. The thesis could lean more toward comparing, contrasting, or both. Remember, the point of comparing and contrasting is to provide useful knowledge to the reader. Take the following thesis as an example that leans more toward contrasting. Comparing and contrasting the two cities based on their history, their culture, and their residents show how different and similar the two are. Both cities are rich in world and national history, though they developed on very different time lines. London, for example, has a history that dates back over two thousand years. It was part of the Roman Empire and known by the similar name, Londinium. It was not only one of the northernmost points of the Roman Empire but also the epicenter of the British Empire where it held significant global influence from the early sixteenth century on through the early twentieth century. Washington, DC, on the other hand, has only formally existed since the late eighteenth century. Though Native Americans inhabited the land several thousand years earlier, and settlers inhabited the land as early as the sixteenth century, the city did not become the capital of the United States until the s.
The two essays of structure, block and point-by-point, are shown in the diagram below.