While the drug is generally safe for use, some possible side effects are mild irritation of the scalp, dryness and growth of hair on some parts of the body, especially the sides of the face and hands. In some cases, you might observe some increased hair loss around the first few days of use. If the hair fall continues after two weeks upon application of minoxidil, stop the treatment first and see a doctor. Finasteride Propecia. The drug is recommended for male use only, and is in pill form.
The drug basically slows down hair loss, while promoting gradual hair growth. Like minoxidil, it works best if the bald patches still have tiny, fine hairs. Results are visible within six to three months, and studies of those who have continued its use for two years show longer, thicker hair than those who used it for only for a short time.
It is generally safe, although some noted side effects are decrease in sexual drive and some temporary impotence that eventually lessens with long-term use of the drug. Women are strictly prohibited from taking finasteride or touching the tablets as studies have found that it can lead to the feminization of a male fetus during pregnancy.
Corticosteroids are another form of medication used to treat alopecia areata. Since the hair loss is caused by an autoimmune disease, the steroid works by stopping the immune system from attacking the hair follicles, and therefore triggering hair growth.
Liquid coricosteroids are injected into the scalp every four to six weeks and are used for treating small patches of baldness. It can be painful and uncomfortable, and while it is effective, there have been some studies that have found that one of its long-term side effects is premature balding.
Corticosteroid creams and ointments are also available, and are applied directly on the area in the scalp where there is patchy baldness. The common forms of topical steroids are betamethasone, hydrocortisone, and mometasone. Some possible side effects include thinning and dryness of the skin and noticeable acne production. Oral or tablet steroids are also available, but they are not generally prescribed because of known side effects such as diabetes and ulcers.
Contact immunotherapy. Another drug that can be administered for cases of alopecia areata is contact immunotherapy and is recommended for severe cases. Diphenylcyclopropenon DPCP is applied on the scalp every week, and the dosage of the drug is increased over time until a mild allergic reaction is observed, which signals that the drug is taking effect.
Regrowth may be observed within three months from the beginning of treatment. While it is generally safe, like minoxidil and finasteride, noticeable side effects are skin rashes contact dermatitis and swollen lymph nodes in the neck area. Thyroid medication. Hair loss as a result of thyroid problems will only be solved by treating the root cause. This means that you need to take medications for hypothyroidism in order to address the hormonal imbalance in the body.
The most common medication for thyroid problems is levothyroxine, a synthetic version of thyroxine thyroid hormone. Since the medication is used to address the thyroid problem and hair loss indirectly, the medication has to be continued even when you've gotten better or your hormone level has gone back to normal in order to continue hair growth.
However, be on the lookout for signs that indicate that you might be getting too much thyroid hormone, such as shakiness, a general feeling of restlessness, heart palpitations, and excessive sweating. Overdose of thyroid hormone can lead to osteoporosis and heart attack. A hair transplant or surgery is the quickest treatment for permanent cases of hair loss, although the most expensive.
In pattern baldness, for example, where the top of the head is the most affected area, a hair transplant allows the surgeon to use existing hair to implant it into the bald sections of the head. It works by removing a graft or follicular sample in parts of the head that still have hair usually this is the back of the head as this area is most resistant to hormonal changes , and placing this graft in the areas that are bald.
There are different types of hair transplant procedures depending on how the graft is extracted or removed: Follicular Unit Transplantation FUT. In this procedure, a portion of the skin on the scalp is extracted and then broken down into the smaller, individual grafts.
Transplant sites on the bald patches are then created with tiny, fine needles and localized anaesthetics. The grafts are then implanted on the sites. This procedure is preferred if the bald area is significantly big as many individual grafts can be made, and larger patches of baldness can be covered.
However, the recovery rate is slower and may be less superior, although it will also depend on the skill of the surgeon performing the procedure. In this method, instead of taking out a whole sample strip, small, individual follicle grafts are cut using a machine and then transplanted. The process is more tedious and more time-consuming, but has been known to have a higher recovery rate and there are no risks of scarring because no cuts and stitches are required.
Compared with FUT, this is preferred for those with only small patches of baldness and those who wear shorter hairstyles, as there are no scars that will be exposed. For vanity, women also prefer this especially as it is less invasive than FUT. Here are other pointers if you're considering a hair transplant as a hair loss solution: A hair transplant is a cosmetic procedure and is not generally covered in usual health insurance plans.
Besides cost considerations, a hair transplant is generally prescribed as a last resort for permanent hair loss problems. It is also not allowed for people under the age of 25, those with a continuing problem of hair loss, as well as those with other health conditions like uncontrolled diabetes, serious heart problems and hypertension. Patients whose hair loss is caused by other factors, such as a skin or scalp disorder or who suffer from a psychological condition that causes them to pull at their hair are not recommended for this procedure.
Since the procedure requires taking a sample from the back of the head, those who do not have enough follicles from this section that can be used for transplant are not also eligible.
Choosing where and who will perform your hair transplant is as important a consideration as to what kind of hair transplant to get. Post surgery care is important if you've undergone a hair transplant or surgery. Expect some swelling of the face and on the scalp a couple of days after the procedure. To fast track hair growth, you may be asked to use Minoxidil or Finasteride.
Saline is applied on the grafts for a few days, while you will be prescribed to use a diluted shampoo that is softer and less harsh on the scalp. Hair growth in the transplanted areas becomes visible in three - six months.
Laser treatments. Low-level laser therapy LLLT is used for the prevention and reversal of hair loss. The procedure uses a device that emits light that penetrates into the scalp.
The more commonly used lasers are the excimer, helium-neon and fractional erbium-glass. The procedure can increase the blood flow in the scalp to stimulate the follicles that are in resting or dormant phase to go into anagen, and at the same time, prevent the production of DHT, which destroys the hair follicles. Laser therapy is available in salons and administered by a hair professional who has been trained in the procedure.
Treatment is usually two to three times a week. Generally, each session involves a short minute exposure of the scalp to the laser device. There is generally no prescribed period of time that the treatment should be administered, although the more frequent and longer the duration, the more effective results have been observed. Noticeable hair growth can be observed after 12 to 26 weeks of treatment. The LLLT is also prescribed as a complementary treatment in post-operative hair surgery.
The Lasercomb is a hand-held device that is used to comb the hair for minutes every treatment, and takes about eight weeks of use in order to see a noticeable improvement in the thickness and quality of the hair. The Capillus is a laser cap that must be worn, and is more convenient because this can be used at home or even out in public it can be worn underneath a cap or a turban.
While some medical practitioners are still on the fence about the effectiveness of laser treatments, studies have found that hair growth using laser therapy increased by 19 normal-size hairs per square centimetre. The regrowth is also observed as thicker, shinier and more manageable.
It's a non-invasive, painless procedure that works for both men and women. However, the LLLT is not a stand-alone cure and is thus used in combination with other treatments.
Platelet rich plasma therapy. This is a complementary treatment recommended during a hair transplant. Platelet rich plasma has growth components and proteins that promote and aid in healing.
PRP is used to stimulate growth as it reverses the shrinking of the follicles that is common in pattern baldness.
Scalp reduction. As the name suggests, the procedure involves cutting away portions of the scalp that are bald. This is recommended for those with well-defined bald spots on the crown of the head. The procedure is used to reduce the size of the bald spots, and can also be employed as part of a hair surgery. A scalp reduction procedure can be much more painful than a hair transplant. You may experience headaches right after the procedure, and scalp tightness for a couple of months.
Tissue expansion. In this procedure, a material called a tissue expander is inserted under portions of the scalp with hair. Saline water is injected for six to eight weeks in order to expand or stretch this portion of hair-bearing skin.
The bags are eventually removed and the expanded hair-bearing skin is cut away and moved to the adjacent bald area. This is typically used to address hair loss as a result of burns or injuries on the scalp. Hair multiplication. Similar to the idea of cloning, this treatment involves taking out donor cells from the hair follicles and then growing and multiplying them in a laboratory. Once sufficient samples have been multiplied, these hair cells are then injected into the bald patches to stimulate hair growth.
As a relatively new treatment, hair cloning is still in its research phase. Hair concealers and hair fibers. These are one of the newest cosmetic answers to hair loss. As the name suggests, these products are applied on the scalp or hair to camouflage hair loss and give the appearance of fullness to thinning hair.
Some of these are applied directly on the scalp, while others hair fibers are attached to the hair, much like hair extensions, to add volume. This is a short-term cure, applied while waiting for hair to grow, and therefore recommended for those with a mild to medium case of hair loss. In addition to being non-invasive, hair concealers and hair fibers are instant and affordable.
Like wigs and hairpieces, they are used to effectively cover up balding spots while not getting in the way of growing hair. Compared to wigs, however, they are more natural looking and blend well with your natural hair, therefore drawing less attention when you're out in public. Here are some pointers and reminders in using hair concealers and hair fibers: There are many different types and forms of hair concealers.
The two most popular types are hair sprays, and sprinkles and powder solids. Sprays are easy to apply compared to creams and powders. They contain chemicals and dye that can match the shade of your hair, making it fuller. However, it has a tendency to look less natural if applied haphazardly so it requires some care during application. Light microscopy to examine hairs that are trimmed at their bases. Once the cause of your hair loss is determined, you can discuss the treatment options with your doctor.
Treatment for hair loss may include: Medications like minoxidil Rogaine that is approved for both men and women, finasteride Propecia for men, and other drugs like spironolactone and oral contraceptives for women. Hair transplant surgery or restoration surgery that includes taking skin patches with multiple hair follicles and implanting them onto bald patches. Laser therapy to improve hair density. While these treatments may help you deal with hair loss, there is a high chance of recurrence if the cause is hereditary.
Also, most of the medications used to treat hair loss come with side effects like reduced libido, scalp irritation, and an increased risk of prostate cancer in men.
The best sources of protein are milk, egg whites and fish. You also want to eat foods high in omega-3 fatty acids—such as salmon and mackerel—two or three times a week, or sprinkle a tablespoon or two of freshly ground flaxseed onto salads or cereal each day. Vitamin B12 supports the creation of red blood cells and Vitamin E encourages healthy circulation, which ultimately provides more oxygen for your body!
Some of the most important minerals for hair health are — calcium, copper, iron, magnesium and zinc. You can find lots of these in your favorite vegetables, or you may want to consider taking a daily mineral supplement.
Talk To Your Doctor Many people who begin losing their hair early or without explanation find they have a hormonal imbalance. If you have other symptoms of hormonal imbalance, bring it up with you doctor. You can also explore natural supplements for hormone regulation and eat more foods that promote healthy hormone levels. In addition to hormone imbalance, there are also several other conditions that can lead to hair loss, like stress, thyroid disease, anemia, and taking certain medications for heart disease.
Non-scarring hair loss causes can include alopecia areata hair loss in patches or telogen effluvium. Telogen effluvium causes hair follicles to remain in a resting state. As a result, a person's hair does not grow as quickly or as much as it once did. Eating a nutritious diet and keeping stress levels low can help prevent hair loss and encourage hair growth. In addition to these steps, other ways to encourage hair growth include: not using hair accessories that can cause hair breakage, such as hairpins, clips, and rubber bands avoiding styling products that can damage and break the hair, such as blow-dryers set to a high heat, straightening irons, and curling irons limiting the use of bleach, relaxers, and hair dyes avoiding excess shampooing or brushing when the hair is wet, avoiding brushing it or applying plastic or rubber hair ties Treating the hair as gently as possible can help preserve it and minimize the rate of hair loss.
It repairs the hair follicles and helps in re-growth of the hair. Soak the fenugreek seeds overnight in water. Grind it to a fine paste and apply it to your hair and scalp. Leave the paste on your head for about 30 minutes. You can cover your scalp using a shower cap to keep it moist. After 30 to 40 minutes, rinse it with normal water. Do it twice a week for a month for control hair fall. Onion juice The antibacterial properties of onions helps fight against scalp infections, while the sulfur content improves circulation blood to the hair follicles.
It promotes hair growth and controls loss of hair. To extract onion juice, grind the onion and then squeeze out the juice. Dip the cotton ball in the onion juice and apply it to your scalp. Leave it on for 20 to 30 minutes and then wash it off using normal water and a mild shampoo.
Follow this procedure once a week and see the difference. Amla Indian Gooseberry or Amla is another effective home remedy to stop hair fall.
Thanks to its anti-inflammatory and the exfoliating properties, amla helps promote faster growth of hair, maintain a healthy scalp and prevents premature greying. You can mix lime juice and the amla powder to make a paste. Massage it to your scalp and hair. Keep it for an hour and then rinse it off with normal water. Diet For Healthy Hair While treatments and shampoos do play a role in maintaining healthy hair, the secret to thick, shiny, strong tresses is a healthy diet. Spinach Iron deficiency is the main cause of hair fall.
Spinach is a not only a great source of iron but also vitamin A, C and protein. It also contains sebum which acts as a natural conditioner for hair and provides us with omega-3 acid, magnesium, potassium and calcium. These help in maintaining a healthy scalp and lustrous hair. Carrots Known to be good for the eyes, carrots contain Vitamin A that also improves hair growth.
Deficiency of vitamin A may lead to dry and itchy scalp. Carrots are known to add to thickness of hair, make hair lustrous, improve blood circulation, strengthen the hair, protect hair from external damages like pollution and also help prevent breakage of hair and hair fall.
Eggs Since hair is composed of 68 percent keratin protein, eggs help in rebuild damaged hair.
If using other products that heat your hair, start with a fortifying leave-in conditioner and finish with a protective spray. Apply the paste on the bald patches and leave it on overnight. A good head massage can increase the blood flow to the follicles to help in the absorption of nutrients needed for your hair to grow. Consider scalp cooling.
Amla Indian Gooseberry Shutterstock Amla Emblica officinalis possesses hair growth promoting activity. This type of hair loss is caused by a range of skin disorders, typically on the scalp, that attack the follicles permanently. Instead, a clean cut on both sides will be better. Natural cures Massage with natural ingredients. Wear a hat only when necessary, that is, if you need scalp protection. In acupressure therapy, it is believed that the hair follicles on the scalp are connected to the fingernails and by doing the exercise, it will stimulate blood circulation and nutrients into the follicles, therefore promoting hair growth.
Henna and amla paste. Balayam yoga also called balam yoga is an ancient acupressure exercise associated with hair growth. Sometimes, however, hair loss is inevitable due to age.
The bags are eventually removed and the expanded hair-bearing skin is cut away and moved to the adjacent bald area. See a doctor. Green tea This tea is rich in antioxidants, which help boost hair growth and prevent hair loss. As the name suggests, the procedure involves cutting away portions of the scalp that are bald. Pat your hair or brush it lightly to spread out the layer. There are treatments and cures available, and many of these, especially those for temporary cases, can be as simple as lifestyle changes -- eating the right foods, learning to manage stress properly, and doing away with unhealthy, nasty habits that can aggravate the condition.
Using these kitchen ingredients and essential oils on your head can help in repairing damaged follicles, treating scalp infections and disorders, and stimulating hair growth. To fast track hair growth, you may be asked to use Minoxidil or Finasteride. It's also a big boost if one can learn how to make the most of their appearance to divert attention from their head by playing up other features of their body, such as wearing make-up or putting on a statement jewelry or a striking piece of clothing. Carrots Known to be good for the eyes, carrots contain Vitamin A that also improves hair growth.
Follow this remedy once a week.