Sometimes you will be addressing an audience that agrees with you, so you'll be emphasizing why their point of view is a productive or beneficial one, and perhaps arguing in favor of a course of action or particular outcome. You'll want to reinforce their opinion, but try to avoid flattery or excessive compliments, since this can make you sound insincere. On other assignments, you will be writing to an audience that already has a particular opinion or stance on your topic, and your goal will be to change their minds or alter their points of view.
You might be required to write to an audience that is opposed or even hostile to your ideas. Avoid telling an audience that their opinion is wrong or incorrect; instead, try to communicate why a change of opinion would be beneficial to them. What will the reader do with the information?
Will the reader be making a decision or taking a course of action based on the information you provide? If so, have you included all the information necessary for that person to make an intelligent decision or take action?
Have you anticipated questions the reader might have and provided answers for them? Once you've identified your audience and thought about the best way to appeal to them in your writing, it's often helpful to make a very informal list of what your audience already knows, what they need to know, why they need to know it, and how you can help them.
Keep this close by so you can easily refer to it as you write, since it will be useful if you get stuck or aren't sure how to proceed. It does not apply to doctoral programs. This discount cannot be combined with the Completion Scholarship for Maryland community college students or the Pennsylvania Completion Scholarship.
Eventually, your instructors will ask you to complete assignments specifically designed to meet one of the four purposes. As you will see, the purpose for writing will guide you through each part of the paper, helping you make decisions about content and style.
For now, identifying these purposes by reading paragraphs will prepare you to write individual paragraphs and to build longer assignments. Summary Paragraphs A summary A purpose for writing that condenses a long piece of writing into a smaller paragraph by extracting only the vital information.
Writers use their own words to create summaries. You probably summarize events, books, and movies daily. Think about the last blockbuster movie you saw or the last novel you read. Chances are, at some point in a casual conversation with a friend, coworker, or classmate, you compressed all the action in a two-hour film or in a two-hundred-page book into a brief description of the major plot movements.
While in conversation, you probably described the major highlights, or the main points in just a few sentences, using your own vocabulary and manner of speaking. Similarly, a summary paragraph condenses a long piece of writing into a smaller paragraph by extracting only the vital information.
Although shorter than the original piece of writing, a summary should still communicate all the key points and key support. In other words, summary paragraphs should be succinct and to the point. A summary of the report should present all the main points and supporting details in brief.
Read the following summary of the report written by a student: Notice how the summary retains the key points made by the writers of the original report but omits most of the statistical data.
Summaries need not contain all the specific facts and figures in the original document; they provide only an overview of the essential information. Analysis Paragraphs An analysis A purpose for writing that separates the individual points in a piece of writing and studies how the points relate to one another. The analysis of simple table salt, for example, would require a deconstruction of its parts—the elements sodium Na and chloride Cl.
Then, scientists would study how the two elements interact to create the compound NaCl, or sodium chloride, which is also called simple table salt. Analysis is not limited to the sciences, of course.
An analysis paragraph in academic writing fulfills the same purpose. Instead of deconstructing compounds, academic analysis paragraphs typically deconstruct documents. An analysis takes apart a primary source an essay, a book, an article, etc. It communicates the main points of the document by examining individual points and identifying how the points relate to one another. Notice how the analysis does not simply repeat information from the original report, but considers how the points within the report relate to one another.
By doing this, the student uncovers a discrepancy between the points that are backed up by statistics and those that require additional information. This way when you tell a story it can be portrayed exactly how you want it to be. Using a lot of descriptive words and metaphors can help your writing. Lastly, let your writing show who you are. But if you are very funny, let that show. If you are sarcastic, which I am totally not, add that in. If you are trying to reach your audience then you are trying to connect with them.
So be real and let your personality show through your writing. Are you eager to write? Why don't you start a company blog, find out more be reading this article. Chelsea Hennen As a digital marketing specialist, I help businesses flourish online. If your audience is neutral, decide how you can catch and hold onto their attention. Finally, you should decide how you can help your readers read your writing.
The same is true of an argument or persuasive essay. One potential audience may be the students who attend Aims, in which case explaining how this change would benefit students with more accurate grading becomes important. Who is my primary audience? What purpose will this writing serve for my readers? How will they use it? Is my audience multicultural? Will readers expect certain patterns of thought in my writing?
How will they use it? The visit was fun and rewarding. How would you expect the two articles to sound? However, if you are writing to someone with more power than you, such as your boss, your tone should be more formal and polite. If, however, you know that you are writing to people who want or need detailed content then provide it.
For more information, contact your academic advisor. When writing your own paragraphs, you must engage with your audience to build an appropriate relationship given your subject. Certain topics and assignments will require these kinds of considerations about your audience. Avoid telling an audience that their opinion is wrong or incorrect; instead, try to communicate why a change of opinion would be beneficial to them. Have you explained enough? Know Your Audience See also: Know Your Medium Knowing or anticipating who will be reading what you have written is key to effective writing.
For example, your assignment might specify something like this: "Assume that your classmates are your audience.
Why do I need to know about them? In contrast, an evaluation should include your personal opinion, along with supporting evidence, research, or examples to back it up. Although the audience for writing assignments—your readers—may not appear in person, they play an equally vital role. Always be polite and respectful to a reader!
Should the presentation define important words, or will the executives already know the terms? By the final scene, I noticed that most of my fellow moviegoers were snoozing in their seats and were barely paying attention to what was happening on screen.
Writing With a Purpose.
This refers to what the audience already knows about your topic. Imagine how you might tell the story differently if you were telling your friends about what happened.
Using a lot of descriptive words and metaphors can help your writing become more detailed. The purpose of the evaluation is to determine how well the employee performs at his or her job. Imagine reading one long block of text, with each idea blurring into the next.
Your purpose is not the same as your writing strategy. The common academic purposes are summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.. Lastly, let your writing show who you are. Writing is a skill and to perfect a skill you must practice it often. Also, be aware of key words on your assignment sheet that will help you identify the intended audience, e. List them.