He was highly respected throughout his life as a man of high kalam integrity. Azad was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. The family moved back to India Calcutta [now Kolkata ] when he was young, and he received a traditional Islamic education at home from his father and other Islamic scholars rather than at azad madrasah Islamic school. Like water for chocolate love essay writing paper quickly became essay influential in the Muslim community writing its anti-British stance, notably for abul criticism of Indian Muslims who were loyal to the British.
The leaders would generally avoid talking of politics, unwilling to cause any arguments that could exacerbate the pain of their imprisonment. In , the government of India posthumously awarded her patriotic son, the highest civilian honour - "the Bharat Ratna'. This period marked a transformation in Azad's own life. Most revolutionaries in Bengal were Hindus, and many were greatly surprised by his willingness to join the freedom struggle alongwith them, while others were skeptical of his intentions. Azad saw an opportunity to energise Indian Muslims and achieve major political and social reform through the struggle. Azad's close friend Chittaranjan Das co-founded the Swaraj Party , breaking from Gandhi's leadership.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Essay In English Words
In his youth, he adopted the pen name, 'Azad' and was popularly addressed simply as Maulana Azad. Abul Kalam Azad was born in the year in Mecca, in modern-day Saudi Arabia, into a family of prosperous and learned Muslim scholars, or maulanas. His forefathers hailed from Herat, in Afghanistan, and his lineage could be traced back to Babar's days. Inhis father moved to Kolkata formarly known as Calcutta.
His forefathers hailed from Herat, in Afghanistan, and his lineage could be traced back to Babar's days. Consequently, thousands of political activists had been arrested and many publications banned. Rajagopalachari Azad became an inspiring personality in the field of politics.
During the Sepoy Mutinyhe left Azad and settled in Mecca. Writing father Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed AlHussaini wrote twelve books, had thousands of disciples, and claimed noble ancestry,  while his mother was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad, the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad bin Zaher AlWatri, himself a reputed scholar from Medina who had a reputation that extended even outside of Arabia. An avid and determined student, the abul Azad was running a library, service reading room, and a debating society before he was twelve; college to write on the life of Ghazali at twelve; was contributing learned articles to Essay a literary admission at fourteen;  was teaching a class of students, kalam of whom were twice the queen frears essay help age, when he essay fifteen; and completed the traditional course of study at the age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his contemporaries, and brought out a magazine at the same age. He also criticised Muslim politicians for focusing on communal issues before the national interest and rejected the All India Video League 's communal separatism. But his views changed considerably when he met ethnicist oriented Sunni revolutionary activists in Iraq  write was influenced by their fervent anti-imperialism and nationalism.
The family moved back to India Calcutta [now Kolkata ] when he was young, and he received a traditional Islamic education at home from his father and other Islamic scholars rather than at a madrasah Islamic school. Outside news and communication had been largely prohibited and completely censored. Main article: Quit India Movement In , Azad served as an intermediary between the supporters of and the Congress faction led by Congress president Subhash Bose, who criticised Gandhi for not launching another rebellion against the British and sought to move the Congress away from Gandhi's leadership. Azad was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife.
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He was a great Nationalist leader, a staunch Congressman, a firm Gandhite and had been to jail several times. As a azad of Mahatma Gandhi, the statement writing Maulana Sahib essay in the public life of the country a new favour. His intense patriotism, his capacity for sacrifice, his dedication in the service of the country is shining examples for the people of India to follow. He was a pillar of strength to the Congress abul since he joined the organization. Those who remember the days of the Muslim League agitation are aware how Maulana Sahib stood essay writing for xatirla squares against communalism.
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While Gandhi was incarcerated at the Aga Khan Palace in Pune , Azad and the Congress Working Committee were imprisoned at a fort in Ahmednagar , where they would remain under isolation and intense security for nearly four years. Thousands of people were killed as Azad travelled across Bengal and Bihar to calm the tensions and heal relations between Muslims and Hindus. Azad gave speeches to large crowds encouraging peace and calm in the border areas and encouraging Muslims across the country to remain in India and not fear for their safety and security. The political environment in India re-energised in with nationalist outrage against the Simon Commission appointed to propose constitutional reforms. Azad's close friend Chittaranjan Das co-founded the Swaraj Party , breaking from Gandhi's leadership.
I am indispensable to this noble edifice and without me this splendid structure is incomplete. Apart from his political activities which were those of a statesman, he was a great Muslim divine. From his earlier revolutionary ways, he now turned to Gandhiji's popular Civil Disobedience Movement and joined the Indian National Congress in January He was a great Nationalist leader, a staunch Congressman, a firm Gandhite and had been to jail several times. Later in his autobiography, Azad indicated Patel having become more pro-partition than the Muslim League, largely due to the League's not co-operating with the Congress in the provisional government on any issue.
Short Essay Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
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When they learnt of Gandhi holding talks with Jinnah in Mumbai in , Azad criticised Gandhi's move as counter-productive and ill-advised. Islam has now as great a claim on the soil of India as Hinduism. It is after a travail of centuries, that a culture develops its characteristic values, attitudes and ideals and same times they suddenly find an artistically perfect expression in a human personality—in a Leonardo de Vinci, or a Goethe or an Abraham Lincoln or a Tagore or a Gandhi.
He again declined to contest elections in , and helped head the party's efforts to organise elections and preserve co-ordination and unity amongst the Congress governments elected in different provinces. Faced with the serious possibility of a civil war, Azad abstained from voting on the resolution, remaining silent and not speaking throughout the AICC session, which ultimately approved the plan. But he was more than a mere summation of the best in the past—its courtesy, its tolerance, its mellowness, its feel for spiritual values, its sensitiveness to humanism. But his views changed considerably when he met ethnicist oriented Sunni revolutionary activists in Iraq  and was influenced by their fervent anti-imperialism and nationalism.
In , his father moved to Kolkata formarly known as Calcutta. He nominated Nehru, who replaced him as Congress president and led the Congress into the interim government. Azad's Al-Hilal was consequently banned in under the Press Act. Rajendra Prasad and Chakravaachari regarding the espousal of socialism as the Congress goal. Islam has now as great a claim on the soil of India as Hinduism.
He was taught at home, first by his father, and later by appointed teachers who were eminent in their respective fields. Azad also supported Nehru's re-election in , at the consternation of many conservative Congressmen. I shall enlarge this orbit still further. By he had been banished to Ranchi in present-day Jharkhand state , where he remained until the beginning of Phil and PhD  Numerous institutions across India have also been named in his honour.
He was taught at home, first by his father, and later by appointed teachers who were eminent in their respective fields. I am part of the indivisible unity that is Indian nationality. His father Maulana Sayyid Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed AlHussaini wrote twelve books, had thousands of disciples, and claimed noble ancestry,  while his mother was Sheikha Alia bint Mohammad, the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad bin Zaher AlWatri, himself a reputed scholar from Medina who had a reputation that extended even outside of Arabia. Azad had backed the election of Nehru as Congress president, and supported the resolution endorsing socialism.
Azad became an important national leader, and served on the Congress Working Committee and in the offices of general secretary and president many times. Following independence, Azad served as the Minister of Education in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet from to Just as a Hindu can say with pride that he is an Indian and follows Hinduism, so also we can say with equal pride that we are Indians and follow Islam. It is often said that his book India wins Freedom is about his political life and Ghubar-e-Khatir deals with his social and spiritual life. The energy of his efforts paid off, and Al Hilal's circulation passed 25, within two years, before the heavy hand of the British Government used the Press Act and then the Defence of India Regulations Act in , to shut the journal down. Azad took up responsibility for the safety of Muslims in India, touring affected areas in Bengal, Bihar, Assam and the Punjab, guiding the organisation of refugee camps, supplies and security.