Argumentative essay assignments generally call for extensive research of literature or previously published material. Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments. Regardless of the amount or type of research involved, argumentative essays must establish a clear thesis and follow sound reasoning.
Argumentative Essay Types A complete argument Perhaps it is helpful to think of an essay in terms of a conversation or debate with a classmate. If I were to discuss the cause of World War II and its current effect on those who lived through the tumultuous time, there would be a beginning, middle, and end to the conversation. In fact, if I were to end the argument in the middle of my second point, questions would arise concerning the current effects on those who lived through the conflict.
Therefore, the argumentative essay must be complete, and logically so, leaving no doubt as to its intent or argument. The five-paragraph essay A common method for writing an argumentative essay is the five-paragraph approach.
This is, however, by no means the only formula for writing such essays. If it sounds straightforward, that is because it is; in fact, the method consists of a an introductory paragraph b three evidentiary body paragraphs that may include discussion of opposing views and c a conclusion.
Longer argumentative essays Complex issues and detailed research call for complex and detailed essays. Argumentative essays discussing a number of research sources or empirical research will most certainly be longer than five paragraphs.
Authors may have to discuss the context surrounding the topic, sources of information and their credibility, as well as a number of different opinions on the issue before concluding the essay. Many of these factors will be determined by the assignment.
Research your topic by examining both primary original documents and secondary references information from a primary document sources, as well as evaluating anecdotal experiences. Once you have collected data that supports multiple perspectives on the issue, you can make an informed decision about which side has the strongest arguments or which side you support. Planning For an argument essay to be effective, it must contain certain elements that will persuade the audience to see things from your perspective.
For this reason, you must take a few minutes to plan and prepare before you jump into writing an argument essay.
Finding a Good Topic To find good topic for an argument essay you should consider several issues that will have two conflicting points of view or very different conclusions. As you look over a list of topics you should find one that really sparks your interest. You have to consider what position you can back up with reasoning and evidence.
As you explore the topics, make a mental list of points you could use as evidence for or against an issue. Once you have selected a topic you feel strongly about, you should make a list of points for both sides of the argument and pick a side. One of your first objectives in your essay will be to present both sides of your issue with an assessment of each.
Of course, you will conclude that one side your side is the best conclusion. Argumentative Essay Writing Process Well before you receive the assignment handout, your work begins. Keep up with your readings at every class session, and do not miss classes. You will understand much more when you come to class having done the readings. Identify the big questions and issues the professor emphasizes in the course. Read the assignment handout carefully.
Make sure you understand the question or prompt and make sure that you follow all the directions provided. Talk with the professor if you have any questions or doubts.
Gather evidence and build your outline. Review your notes and readings to locate evidence that is relevant to the assignment. As you identify examples, sort them into categories. Create a spatial environment that will allow you to see each category as it fills up with evidence. Others prefer to sort examples into t-charts or other arrangements on a sheet of paper or computer screen. Experiment with different methods of sorting until you find one that works for you.
As you gather and sort sources, you should see clusters of evidence appearing around certain ideas and topics. This will allow you to draft a tentative thesis statement. Do not worry about perfecting the thesis yet. You can revisit it later after you draft the essay. Think about how each cluster of evidence can evolve into a paragraph. Big clusters might need to be split into two or three more manageable paragraphs.
Small clusters should be combined or, if not crucial to your argument, abandoned. Some cases of plagiarism begin when writers, at this early stage, fail to keep track of who wrote what. Write a rough draft. This can be done by referring back to the list of questions created when assessing both sides of the argument.
For example, if the author were to take a pro stance for the topic of government subsidized daycares, the questions asked might look like this: Does unaffordable daycare cause serious problems for the average family?
The answer to this questions is what makes up the thesis. Have a look at the argumentative essay introduction example: Example: The government has an obligation to ensure that all families have access to affordable and reliable childcare. This can be done by offering working parents with income-based subsidies. It may be constructive to refute possible objections early on. This can be done by using an introductory phrase at the beginning of the thesis statement to indicate that you are refuting opposing views.
A good argumentative essay clearly presents both sides of the argument. The body and supporting paragraphs should contain fact-based evidence to not only support your position, but also to refute all other positions. Each side of the argument should be explained with a fair amount of detail and the strongest points of the position that you are siding against should be stated for contrast. However, students must consider multiple points of view when collecting evidence.
As noted in the paragraph above, a successful and well-rounded argumentative essay will also discuss opinions not aligning with the thesis. It is unethical to exclude evidence that may not support the thesis. A conclusion that does not simply restate the thesis, but readdresses it in light of the evidence provided. It is at this point of the essay that students may begin to struggle. This is the portion of the essay that will leave the most immediate impression on the mind of the reader.
Therefore, it must be effective and logical. Do not introduce any new information into the conclusion; rather, synthesize the information presented in the body of the essay. Restate why the topic is important, review the main points, and review your thesis. The number of paragraphs depends on the quantity of arguments you want to discuss. They include: Choosing a wrong topic. This will greatly improve the quality of your work, as you will remain motivated and passionate about the matter along the way.
Find a Good Topic and Point of View To find a good topic for an argumentative essay, consider several issues and choose a few that spark at least two solid, conflicting points of view.
As you look over a list of topics , find one that really piques your interest, as you'll be more successful if you're passionate about your topic. Once you have selected a topic you feel strongly about, make a list of points for both sides of the argument.
When shaping an argument you'll have to explain why your belief is reasonable and logical, so list points you can use as evidence for or against an issue. Ultimately, determine your side of the argument and make sure you can back up your point of view with reasoning and evidence. Topics for College As we transition to the university level, the question asked alongside the complexity of content should increase.
With that being said, here are some challenging topics for college students. Is there enough evidence to prove that news sources have a biased agenda? Would the legalization of marijuana as a recreational drug be economically justifiable? What was the most influential technological advancement in the history of humanity?
Should we sacrifice some public services for lowered tax brackets? Argumentative Essay Outline Now that we understand what this type of writing is all about, we can start putting pieces of the argumentative essay outline together.
Usually written in the five-paragraph structure, this argumentative essay outline will consist of an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Logically, each of those three sections will have a unique structure, so understanding them on an individual level will help ensure a smooth writing process. We will be using "the internet" as the most significant technological advancement in society as an example Introduction 3 Parts How To Start An Argumentative Essay Outline Hook Statement : As with most other types of essays, one should attempt to captivate the reader's interest from the very beginning.
In this case, your thesis is a statement of your position on a specific controversial topic. If you do not have a full day, take whatever time you can afford, the longer the better. It is a very brief outline.
The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner. If I were to discuss the cause of World War II and its current effect on those who lived through the tumultuous time, there would be a beginning, middle, and end to the conversation. Does having children prevent divorce?
For instance, the idea that the Civil War ended in requires no citation. Experiment with different methods of sorting until you find one that works for you. Give examples and have an interesting introduction that will capture the mind of your audience. These sentences might at first glance appear to have substance, but they really contribute nothing to your argument e.
The argumentative essay requires well-researched, accurate, detailed, and current information to support the thesis statement and consider other points of view. Outline Section 2: Working on Your Arguments As you remember, every claim is supported by the corresponding evidence you found during the research. Each paragraph should be limited to the discussion of one general idea. Remind the readers of your topic by restating your thesis. There are cultures in which the social fact of disability does not exist. Start with a clean printed copy of your draft and get ready to cover it all over with editorial marks and rewrites.
It summarizes your thesis statement and main arguments and tries to convince the reader that your argument is the best.
The Charity Organization Society COS originally popularized personal pathology, dividing claimants into deserving and undeserving ones. For example, if the author were to take a pro stance for the topic of government subsidized daycares, the questions asked might look like this: Does unaffordable daycare cause serious problems for the average family?
Example: The most important way to make your marriage divorce-proof is to make sure you have carefully prepared for that commitment. As you explore the topics, make a mental list of points you could use as evidence for or against an issue. It has nothing to do with your personal knowledge or information based on your experience. Understand the differences that exist between a logical conclusion and an emotional viewpoint.
Argumentative assignments may also require empirical research where the student collects data through interviews, surveys, observations, or experiments. How will they affect the reader or the relevant group of people? The length of paragraphs in these parts will vary depending on the length of your essay assignment. State Your Thesis The background should transition smoothly into your main argument. Make sure you understand the question or prompt and make sure that you follow all the directions provided.