Your writing, at its best. Be the best writer in the office. The first sentence contains a direct quote, a quote in which you report the exact words John used. The second sentence contains an indirect quote, which is a paraphrased version of what John said. Quotation marks are used only with direct quotes. Run-in and Block Quotations Direct quotations come in two different forms: run-in and block. Run-in quotations are shorter and they are formatted the same as the surrounding text. Block quotes, are long quotes that are separated from the surrounding text.
For example, when quoting short passages of prose, use the following examples: According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" Foulkes , though others disagree. According to Foulkes's study, dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" Foulkes ?
Long quotations For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Your parenthetical citation should come after the closing punctuation mark. When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. Do I really love her? If a quotation extends to more than one paragraph, do not use end quotes at the close of the first paragraph. Use them only when a character is finished speaking: "and in the end, I didn't even love her.
I did think of marrying her, though. He represented the hopes of young people everywhere. You might instead want to quote Jane when she arrives at the ultimate reason for her strong emotions: Jane Doe grappled with grief and disbelief. Quoting the words of others carries a big responsibility.
Misquoting misrepresents the ideas of others. But if you see those words in context, the meaning changes entirely. Without religion, this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in public company—I mean hell. As you can see from this example, context matters! This example is from Paul F. Boller, Jr. Use block quotations sparingly. There may be times when you need to quote long passages. However, you should use block quotations only when you fear that omitting any words will destroy the integrity of the passage.
If that passage exceeds four lines some sources say five , then set it off as a block quotation. Be sure you are handling block quotes correctly in papers for different academic disciplines—check the index of the citation style guide you are using.
Here are a few general tips for setting off your block quotations: Set up a block quotation with your own words followed by a colon. You normally indent spaces for the start of a paragraph.
Do not capitalize quoted material that continues a sentence. Example: Lamarr said that the case was "far from over" and that "we will win. Use commas to introduce or interrupt direct quotations. Examples: He said, "I don't care.
Example: He said "Stop. If the quotation comes before he said, she wrote, they reported, Dana insisted, or a similar attribution, end the quoted material with a comma, even if it is only one word. Examples: "I don't care," he said. Rule 3c. If a quotation functions as a subject or object in a sentence, it might not need a comma. Examples: Is "I don't care" all you can say to me?
Saying "Stop the car" was a mistake.
Great Britain and other countries in the Commonwealth of Nations are governed by quite different conventions. Wells and by Dickens, E.
For example, when citing more than four lines of prose, use the following examples: Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration: They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow. Spacing a Quotation Correctly According to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, when citing a short quotation from literature or a paper place quotation marks around that line, and use the appropriate punctuation within the quotation marks. Williams described the experiment as "a definitive step forward"; other scientists disagreed. Finally, note that you can deviate from the common pattern of introduction followed by quotation.