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Lesson plans for writing compare and contrast essays on books

  • 10.05.2019
Lesson plans for writing compare and contrast essays on books

A Scaffolded Compare and Contrast Essay Usually we teach students to write a compare and contrast essay by modeling expectations, and then having students write their own independently. This leaves out a very important step — the scaffolded essay. All of my 3rd grade students — even my more advanced and gifted students — benefited from additional scaffolding when writing any essay, but especially a compare and contrast essay.

After students brainstorm similarities and differences for the topic they will be writing their essay over, provide students with a scaffolded rough draft using paragraph frames similar to the ones in the previous section.

This helps students stay on topic and helps model what a good compare and contrast essay should look like. Eventually, as students get more and more practice, you will take the scaffolding away. I wanted my students to think more critically and more deeply. I found the best way to encourage deeper thinking was to ask students some questions before watching the movie so that they would be thinking more critically while watching the movie.

This also helped my 3rd graders think about what they expected from the movie. Then, after the movie, I encouraged my students to think about very specific details about the book and movie, rather than just comparing and contrasting using the first thing that popped into their heads. Not all of the questions I asked were directly related to comparing and contrasting the book and the movie, but these questions got students thinking more critically, which made their comparisons later more thoughtful.

Will it be messy, small, bright, noisy, beautiful, spooky, cold, colorful, etc? Think about today's society. How do our time period and culture affect the role that fathers play in our families? Activity: Want Ad Pick two universal traits for ideal fathers, whether they come from the 17th, the 19th, or the 21st century. Then pick two more traits that you believe are unique to modern fathers. Use the four traits you select to develop a want ad for an ideal 21st century father.

Creating a real-world task and asking students to stretch their thinking beyond the original context increases transfer and helps students find deeper meaning in the content. How does their work compare with yours? Student Work from the Lesson Figure 1. Activity: Reflecting on Section 1 1. How did the strategy help Joanne to achieve her goals? How did the phases of the strategy support the principles of the strategy?

How is it different? To prepare, you should do the following things before you move on: Keep an eye out for students who use comparative thinking in your classroom.

What steps do you notice them taking? How comfortable are they with comparison? Take note of these instances, and be ready to share them as you proceed through the following sections. All rights reserved. No part of this publication—including the drawings, graphs, illustrations, or chapters, except for brief quotations in critical reviews or articles—may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system.

Requesting Permission For photocopy, electronic and online access, and republication requests, go to the Copyright Clearance Center. Enter the book title within the "Get Permission" search field. Without it, students with little motivation may not write the essay. Walk around asking who needs a little help to get more participation from reluctant learners. Explain that after writing their essay, students should edit and revise.

They should continue the cycle of editing and revising until they are satisfied with the quality of their essay. Explain the advantages of revising on the computer. Staple a rubric to each essay and have students evaluate them. Be sure to check off on a roster the names of students who turn in essays because they could be stolen during the peer evaluation activity.

This helps peers recognize that the essay is incomplete. More importantly, taking their paper forces them to participate in the evaluation activity rather than trying to finish the essay in class.

Lesson plans for writing compare and contrast essays on books
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Join Now! Compare and Contrast A Book and Movie Activities My first year teaching — when I was constantly running on empty — I slipped several movie watching afternoons into my lesson plans. I defended this as educational, claiming that we were going to compare and contrast the book and movie. Intermediate Allow students to talk to a peer in L1 or L2 before engaging in a whole class discussion. Explain that there are two ways to write the essay but don't go into any detail on how to do it just yet. He is crossing o'er the wold apace, He is stronger than the storm; He does not feel the cold, not he, His heart it is so warm; For father's heart is stout and true As ever human bosom knew. Critical attributes are always a good starting point for helping students to focus their attention on the essential information, but sometimes we want students to go beyond simply describing the items by these attributes. What steps do you notice them taking?

In this section you will

Join Now! Writing a writing and contrast essay is even harder. A lot of times this gets pushed to the back burner, and we practice and skill of comparing and contrasting with things books are less frustrating and take less time — like the overused Venn Diagram. However, teaching students to compare and contrast for within their writing is an contrast skill. Scaffolding student writing can minimize the society without laws essay writer of students, save valuable time, and help your students become better writers. Compare Small — Compare and Contrast Sentences and Paragraphs Sometimes teachers get stuck thinking that their students have plans write a full blown compare and contrast essay including lesson of the steps of the writing process every time they essays.
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Lesson plans for writing compare and contrast essays on books
You may be wondering why we want to look so closely at comparative thinking. Join Now! Refer back to the Venn Diagram as necessary. Answer the question below and then discuss your answer with your neighbor. Although it seems simple, students doing it for the first time perform better if they aren't rushed through this step. Creating a real-world task and asking students to stretch their thinking beyond the original context increases transfer and helps students find deeper meaning in the content.

Rewards and Resources to Help Students Write Excellent Essays

In this section you test Reflect on your own experiences with comparative thinking strategies. Examine a range do my algebra homework answers student work that demonstrates comparative thinking. Writing Get Started Comparative thinking is one of our online and most natural forms of essay. When we free infants, one of the first differences we must identify is that between mother and other.
Lesson plans for writing compare and contrast essays on books
This resource also provides a model essay so that you can model expectations for your students. Would you be upset if this scene was changed in the movie? Although it seems simple, students doing it for the first time perform better if they aren't rushed through this step. Use the "Checklist" tab to explain the requirements for the finished essay. Most students are familiar with the major events, dates, and people that make up macrohistory, but students are often not aware of the knowledge that can be gained from studying the microhistory of social customs, personal writings, and everyday lives of common people. This also helped my 3rd graders think about what they expected from the movie.

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With students working in pairs or small groups, give them five minutes to generate as many examples of book series as they can e. Independent working time 20 minutes Explain that students will now select five different series to examine. Think about today's society. Have you ever noticed how some households are different from your own?
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Why or why not? See the answer sheet for the critical ideas that you should be sure they included. For example, you can have the students compare or contrast the plots, characters, themes, writing styles, or other elements.
By compiling the available research on effective instruction, Marzano, Pickering, and Pollock found that strategies that engage students in comparative thinking had the greatest effect on student achievement, leading to an average percentile gain of 45 points p. Hold up a few books from one series. Do any students prefer reading series vs. The books they choose should be in the same genre such as science fiction, fantasy, mysteries, classic fiction, or contemporary fiction. Example Paragraph Frames 1.

She uses the questions in Figure 1. Examine a range of student work that demonstrates comparative thinking. Melissa Kelly has a master's degree in secondary education and over eight years of experience in the classroom. Beginning Work with a small, teacher-led group to explore the books together or allow students to discuss the books in their home language L1. Comparing Book Series worksheet that accompanies this lesson.
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Grading You can grade them on how well they wrote their essays and the accuracy of information in comparing or in contrasting the fictional element. Requesting Permission For photocopy, electronic and online access, and republication requests, go to the Copyright Clearance Center. Beginning Provide simple summaries for all the books students will be working with.

Either mark these similarities using a different colored pen, or create a new chart with the column headings of "Comparison" and "Contrast. As you begin incorporating this into your lessons, provide scaffolding through sentence starters or paragraph frames. Before you begin having them read their book, you can explain to them how to compare or contrast books. Refer back to the Venn Diagram as necessary. He is crossing o'er the wold apace, He is stronger than the storm; He does not feel the cold, not he, His heart it is so warm; For father's heart is stout and true As ever human bosom knew. Melissa Kelly has a master's degree in secondary education and over eight years of experience in the classroom. She is the author of four books. You can teach it effectively in a few steps.
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Samuk

Show students how to access the Comparison and Contrast Guide so that they can refer to the resource as they like while writing. More recently, Marzano's research in The Art and Science of Teaching reconfirmed that asking students to identify similarities and differences through comparative analysis leads to eye-opening gains in student achievement.

Samusar

Phase Two: Comparison Joanne now moves her students into the comparison phase by having them work with partners to identify similarities and differences between the two households and then to record those similarities and differences using the Top Hat Organizer see Figure 1. Review and closing 5 minutes Review students' conclusions about the book series that they studied. Explain that when comparing, students should mention differences but focus on similarities.

Bragis

Be sure to choose items which students are familiar with so that the process of comparing the objects will be clearer to them. More recently, Marzano's research in The Art and Science of Teaching reconfirmed that asking students to identify similarities and differences through comparative analysis leads to eye-opening gains in student achievement. Refer to examples on the charts to clarify the difference between the two terms. For example, how should the movie portray what a character is thinking?

JoJor

If they decide to contrast a specific element between two books, they will look for differences and write about those differences. A classroom poster highlighting these four phases for students is included in this guide. Discuss reasons for learning to write about similarities and differences.

Dira

Using the book The Tale of Despereaux, students look a closer look at medieval times to see if the novel accurately portrays this time in history. The links below are also affiliate links. Tell students to read their essay aloud or to have someone else read it to them to catch any errors. I wanted my students to think more critically and more deeply.

Aralabar

Intermediate Use sentence frames to support students in summarizing books and identifying the main idea. Although it seems simple, students doing it for the first time perform better if they aren't rushed through this step. Many tenth graders have difficulty thinking of these words if this step is skipped. Either mark these similarities using a different colored pen, or create a new chart with the column headings of "Comparison" and "Contrast. Instead, they simply wrote down the first things that came into their head, which usually were surface level observations.

Shakara

American Folklore: A Jigsaw Character Study Groups of students read and discuss American folklore stories, each group reading a different story.

Arale

Have students compare only two or three series. After 10 minutes, share and discuss their observations and conclusions as a class. Why or why not?

Dounris

Will it be messy, small, bright, noisy, beautiful, spooky, cold, colorful, etc? They will apply the criteria and decide whether the series is episodic or epic. As you read the essays, keep notes on the aspects to review and share with the class later. She is the author of four books. In this section you will Reflect on your own experiences with comparative thinking strategies.

Zologore

She uses the questions in Figure 1. For a no prep way to have students compare and contrast a book with its movie, check out my Book Vs. Save your class draft of the introduction and the section on similarities.

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