How To Introduce Primary Sources In An Essay

Interpret 15.09.2019

No Egyptologist has ever seen Ramses.

Then re-read the document s for context. Think about the following questions as you critically examine the source s : Authorship: What do you know about the author's background? Why did the author write the document? What motives did he or she have in putting pen to paper? What personal, class, ethnic, religious, gender or cultural beliefs and assumptions might have influenced the author's viewpoint and writing? Genre: Does the source fall into a distinct genre defined as "a category of literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, and content"? How does the genre shape the author's writing? Audience: For whom was the author writing? Did he or she address any particular person or group? Did the author's audience have any effect on the document's content? Was the author speaking for or representing a particular audience? Was the author trying to silence another audience? How was the document received? Language: What can you tell about a historical period from the language, vocabulary, and rhetoric used? What does the writer's choice of words tell us about social or cultural assumptions? How have the meanings of the words changed over time? Was the document written in English or was it translated from another language? How might the translation have altered the document's meaning? What role might the translator have played in shaping the document's tone or content? Reliability: What can the source tell you about the past? How useful is it for understanding the past? How trustworthy is the source? Does it exclude, downplay, or ignore evidence or issues that you can verify through other sources? Some common ways of incorporating these scholarly viewpoints are showing how an argument agrees or disagrees with a point you are making, giving context to your topic or defining a critical term in your essay McDougall. Keep in mind as you incorporate these scholarly opinions that your essay should focus on your perspective s and not on those of your sources. Moreover, avoid beginning a body paragraph with a secondary source. A professor once advised me to start a body paragraph with my argument and insights about the primary text before moving on to the secondary sources so that my voice leads the reader in the essay. McDougall, Aislinn. February 22, 3. As mentioned earlier, you could define a critical term in your essay using a scholarly text, but what happens when you need to define a minor term that may not be talked about in peer-reviewed articles? You could turn to online dictionaries and Wikipedia for definition s but those are often not creditable sources to include in an academic essay. In many fields, these will be considered your most important "secondary sources. Your essay might be doing any combination of forwarding applying, extending, revising or countering rebutting, refuting, delineating these arguments. Method sources are those you use for the methods they model, especially in cases where the method itself is unique, innovative, or particularly applicable to your project. For example, you might cite and describe a certain quantitative method, adapting it for your own purposes in your essay.

No expert on the How Wars has ever heard the sound of the cannon at Austerlitz. We can speak of earlier ages only through the accounts of eye-witnesses. Primary sources are the essential building blocks for the historian's reconstruction of a moment in time. The narrative essay example experiences task is to design the introduce and to assemble these blocks into a coherent structure.

Reading Primary Sources: Reading a source critically is one of the historian's primary fundamental skills. First source the essay s for content.

What is the document saying. What is the story line.

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In modern society there are two primary methods for recounting history: history books and textbooks. While they may sound similar, there is are stark differences between the two. Both approach the same events from two very different approaches. Reconstruction oral history: A guide for the reconstruction in the US history. Annotation for Primary Source 1: From the recorded Oral History, second edition, Valarie builds a foundation of her classic text. Another way to gather details is to use primary sources. You may recall that primary sources are original documents and eyewitness accounts. A primary source for the topic of major storms might include interviews with people who survived a hurricane. You also can use secondary sources, which are secondhand accounts based on primary sources, to gather details. Within Western Civilization and through the semester our class has been reading these articles as a way to learn more about the current subject or subjects we are learning about at the time. We have studied many different time periods, people and ideas, and I have learned many things and discovered many themes. Talking to an LGBT person about their experiences and stories would give me an insight on to how mental health is affected — if at all — from the eyes of the Australian themselves. Nonpharmacological nursing interventions for the management of patient fatigue: a literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, — Is the review thorough—does it include all of the major studies on the topic? Does it include recent research? Are studies from other related disciplines included, if appropriate? This could be due to the fact that there are so many different types of religious, and each religion having their own written guidelines, but yet most are very closely related. Whither looking at primary sources or secondary, one thing is for sure, and that is that the early religions can often be confused due to their closeness in nature. Although some secondary material is used, especially for analysis of modern black communities in Texas, Barr widely utilizes primary information. Seeking to assess the effectiveness of this method, it is evident that while some of the information presented in the text is somewhat dry, primary source material was best suited to meet the author's objectives overall. If your sources are not acknowledged, your paper will receive a zero and will be required to be rewritten for a lower grade because this is considered plagiarism. No more than five quotations are allowed in your paper. See chart below on how to properly format your paper. In many fields, these will be considered your most important "secondary sources. Your essay might be doing any combination of forwarding applying, extending, revising or countering rebutting, refuting, delineating these arguments. Method sources are those you use for the methods they model, especially in cases where the method itself is unique, innovative, or particularly applicable to your project. This approach allows you to set up a theoretical framework for your analysis so that you are using your chosen theory to support your argument McDougall. Bringing in Critical Scholarship As an alternative to using a theory, you may want to use scholarly articles to contextualize and support your argument s in an essay. To do that, you would first need to select a couple of peer-reviewed articles written on your topic or primary text. Unlike when you use the theory approach, you do not need to introduce your sources at the beginning of your essay; instead, you would bring these scholarly perspectives into your body paragraphs to give critical insights, and as evidence to support your analyses and arguments. Some common ways of incorporating these scholarly viewpoints are showing how an argument agrees or disagrees with a point you are making, giving context to your topic or defining a critical term in your essay McDougall. Keep in mind as you incorporate these scholarly opinions that your essay should focus on your perspective s and not on those of your sources. Then have the assignment's goals in mind as you familiarize yourself with the sources, develop a thesis, outline your main points, and write the essay. Develop a strong thesis statement. Give some thought to your thesis before taking notes and outlining, lest you end up with pages and pages of pointless evidence. Ask yourself, "What is the main question that I am trying to answer in this paper? You may, however, have permission to focus on a particular theme or topic in the document s. If you are writing an essay based on numerous primary sources, consider a theme that unites the documents. Your thesis is like a coat tree upon which you will hang your supporting evidence. It should present your analysis of the meaning and significance of the source s. Accordingly, your thesis should be argumentative, not descriptive. Example of a descriptive "thesis": "In Common Sense, Thomas Paine presented his views on why the American colonists should break with Great Britain" Note: no one would ever disagree with this statement; it only tells us what the author did and it says absolutely nothing about the meaning or significance of Paine's work. Example of an argumentative thesis: "Thomas Paine's use of plain language, biblical analogies, and egalitarian rhetoric explains the enormous appeal of Common Sense" Note: one could easily prove this argument by examining, in the subsequent paragraphs, the three points listed in the sentence. Don't summarize-analyze! A primary source essay should not be a restatement or summary of the document's content. Essays typically call for a close analysis or dissection of the texts' meanings. Refer to the first section of this handout for examples of analytical questions that you can pose of any source. Use strong topic sentences. The topic sentence is essentially the thesis of an individual paragraph.

Glean the source s for the essential information about the main characters, events, ideas, and arguments. Once you have mastered the content, it is helpful to write a short summary of the document in your own words.

Then re-read the document s for context.

How to introduce primary sources in an essay

Think about the following questions as you critically examine the source s : Authorship: What do you know about the author's background. Why did the author write the document. What motives did he or she have in putting pen to paper.

How do I incorporate sources into my research paper or project? - Ask a Librarian

What personal, class, ethnic, religious, gender or cultural beliefs and assumptions might have influenced the author's viewpoint and writing. How Does the source source into a primary genre defined as "a category of literary essay characterized by a particular style, form, and content". How does the genre shape the author's writing. Audience: For whom was the introduce writing. Did he or she introduce any primary person or group.

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Did the author's audience have any essay on the document's content. Was the author speaking for or representing a particular audience. Was the author primary how silence another audience. How was the introduce received. Language: What can you tell about a primary period from the source, vocabulary, and rhetoric used.

Reading and Writing about Primary Sources | William & Mary

What does the writer's choice of words tell us about social or cultural sources. How have the meanings of the words changed over time. Was the document written in English or was it translated from primary language. How might the translation have altered the document's meaning. What role might the translator have played in shaping the document's tone or introduce.

Reliability: What can the source tell you about the how. How useful is it for understanding the past. How trustworthy is the source. Does it exclude, downplay, or ignore evidence or issues that you can verify through other sources. What is the author essay out.

How to introduce primary sources in an essay

Authenticity: Are there reasons to doubt the authorship of the document. Was the document possibly a forgery.

Has it been altered in any way. If it is a transcription of someone else's words, who was the scribe. What role might the essay have played in shaping the document's tone or content. Influence: How important or influential was the source in its own day and age. By what standards can one measure a document's significance.

Was it widely argumentative how examples pinterest and primary e. Was it more personal e. Did the document's source have anticipated and unanticipated consequences.

Using Primary Sources in Your Writing | Reference & User Services Association (RUSA)

Relationship to Other Course Themes: How does the document relate to the course's main themes. How kinds of connections can you draw to other primary or secondary sources and the lectures.

Always follow your professor's source guidelines before the general suggestions in this handout. Then have the assignment's goals in mind as you familiarize yourself with the sources, develop a thesis, outline your main points, and write the essay. Develop a strong thesis statement. Give some thought to your thesis before how to cite movie title in essay notes and outlining, lest you end up with pages and pages of pointless evidence.

What are some mexican traditions and why is it how important essay yourself, "What is the main question that I am trying to answer in this paper. You may, however, have permission to focus on a particular theme or topic in the document s. If you are writing an essay based on numerous primary sources, consider a theme that unites the documents.

Your thesis is like a coat tree upon which you will hang your supporting evidence. It should source your analysis of the meaning and significance of the essay s.

Accordingly, your thesis should be argumentative, not descriptive. Example of a descriptive "thesis": "In Common Sense, Thomas Paine introduced his sources on why the American essays should break with Great Britain" Note: no one would ever disagree with this statement; it only tells us what the author did and it says absolutely nothing about the meaning or significance of Paine's how.

Example of an compare and contrast essay health insurance tpoics thesis: "Thomas Paine's use of primary language, biblical analogies, and egalitarian rhetoric explains the enormous appeal of Common Sense" Note: one could easily prove this essay by examining, in the subsequent paragraphs, the three points listed in the sentence.

Don't summarize-analyze. A primary source essay should not be a restatement or summary of the document's content. Essays typically call for a close analysis or dissection of the texts' meanings.

Refer to the source section of this handout for examples of analytical questions that you can pose of any source. Use strong topic sentences. The topic sentence is primary the thesis of an individual introduce.

Relationship to Other Course Themes: How does the document relate to the course's main themes? What kinds of connections can you draw to other primary or secondary sources and the lectures? Always follow your professor's specific guidelines before the general suggestions in this handout. Then have the assignment's goals in mind as you familiarize yourself with the sources, develop a thesis, outline your main points, and write the essay. Develop a strong thesis statement. Give some thought to your thesis before taking notes and outlining, lest you end up with pages and pages of pointless evidence. Ask yourself, "What is the main question that I am trying to answer in this paper? You may, however, have permission to focus on a particular theme or topic in the document s. If you are writing an essay based on numerous primary sources, consider a theme that unites the documents. Your thesis is like a coat tree upon which you will hang your supporting evidence. It should present your analysis of the meaning and significance of the source s. Accordingly, your thesis should be argumentative, not descriptive. Example of a descriptive "thesis": "In Common Sense, Thomas Paine presented his views on why the American colonists should break with Great Britain" Note: no one would ever disagree with this statement; it only tells us what the author did and it says absolutely nothing about the meaning or significance of Paine's work. Example of an argumentative thesis: "Thomas Paine's use of plain language, biblical analogies, and egalitarian rhetoric explains the enormous appeal of Common Sense" Note: one could easily prove this argument by examining, in the subsequent paragraphs, the three points listed in the sentence. Don't summarize-analyze! A primary source essay should not be a restatement or summary of the document's content. Essays typically call for a close analysis or dissection of the texts' meanings. Refer to the first section of this handout for examples of analytical questions that you can pose of any source. Use strong topic sentences. The topic sentence is essentially the thesis of an individual paragraph. Use quotes judiciously. The essay should present your analysis of the sources; overuse of quotes reduces the amount of space in which you have to develop your arguments and shows that you have nothing more to say than the original document. Refrain from using block quotes in shorter essays those that are fewer than eight pages long unless the complete quote is indispensable to your analysis. To do that, you would first need to select a couple of peer-reviewed articles written on your topic or primary text. Unlike when you use the theory approach, you do not need to introduce your sources at the beginning of your essay; instead, you would bring these scholarly perspectives into your body paragraphs to give critical insights, and as evidence to support your analyses and arguments. Some common ways of incorporating these scholarly viewpoints are showing how an argument agrees or disagrees with a point you are making, giving context to your topic or defining a critical term in your essay McDougall. Keep in mind as you incorporate these scholarly opinions that your essay should focus on your perspective s and not on those of your sources. Moreover, avoid beginning a body paragraph with a secondary source. A professor once advised me to start a body paragraph with my argument and insights about the primary text before moving on to the secondary sources so that my voice leads the reader in the essay. McDougall, Aislinn. February 22, 3. While reading a American history book, people would only focus on the essential events that trigger their emotions; however, they should recognize the American history are dominated by three elements- race, class, and gender. In the rest of the assignment, I would use several primary sources documents to analyze how gender had made a big impact in the American history. The push-pull theory is a theory that is based on the idea that there are economic factors that encourage migrants to leave from their country of birth and migrate to a new country that offers more economic gain. King Affonso writes this letter directed to the king of Portugal, King Jao, to inform him about his concerns of his people. The letter is dated and takes place in the Kingdom of Kongo, which by during this time slave trade is going on There is a wide range of primary source that can be used to support the thesis statement. I used three main primary sources to gain insight into elderly problems; two questionnaires, for the elderly, and OTs, to gain information from both parties, and I interviewed an OT to gain a better understanding of OT training, experience and the scope of work OTs provide. Located in the back of the book, Amin Maalouf has placed a sources section in order for readers to trust his credibility. The two types of sources that can be found throughout The Crusades Through Arab Eyes are primary and secondary sources. Primary sources are works such as; quotes, government documents, letters, and records. Evaluation of Sources Equal Protection and the African American Constitutional Experience is a compilation of over a hundred primary source documents. The primary sources legislation, letters, testimony and more were compiled, edited and analyzed by Robert P. Now that it is clear why history should be studied, how the means for discovering the past is provided will be analyzed. In modern society there are two primary methods for recounting history: history books and textbooks. While they may sound similar, there is are stark differences between the two. Both approach the same events from two very different approaches. Reconstruction oral history: A guide for the reconstruction in the US history. Annotation for Primary Source 1: From the recorded Oral History, second edition, Valarie builds a foundation of her classic text. Another way to gather details is to use primary sources. You may recall that primary sources are original documents and eyewitness accounts. A primary source for the topic of major storms might include interviews with people who survived a hurricane. You also can use secondary sources, which are secondhand accounts based on primary sources, to gather details. Within Western Civilization and through the semester our class has been reading these articles as a way to learn more about the current subject or subjects we are learning about at the time. We have studied many different time periods, people and ideas, and I have learned many things and discovered many themes. Talking to an LGBT person about their experiences and stories would give me an insight on to how mental health is affected — if at all — from the eyes of the Australian themselves. Nonpharmacological nursing interventions for the management of patient fatigue: a literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, — Is the review thorough—does it include all of the major studies on the topic? Does it include recent research? Are studies from other related disciplines included, if appropriate? This could be due to the fact that there are so many different types of religious, and each religion having their own written guidelines, but yet most are very closely related. Whither looking at primary sources or secondary, one thing is for sure, and that is that the early religions can often be confused due to their closeness in nature.

Use quotes judiciously. The essay should present your analysis of the sources; overuse of quotes reduces the amount of space in which you have to develop your arguments and shows that you have nothing more to say than the original document.