Harvard University; Hopkins, Will G. How to Write a Research Paper. Physics Powerpoint slides. University of Illinois; Woodall, W. Writing the Background and Significance Section. Senior Research Scientist and Professor of Communication.
Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions. University of New Mexico. Structure and Writing Style Providing background information in the Introduction of a research paper serves as a bridge that links the reader to the topic of your study. But precisely how long and in-depth this bridge should be is largely dependent upon how much information you think the reader will need in order to understand the research problem being discussed and to appreciate why the issues you are investigating are important.
From another perspective, the length and detail of background information also depends on the degree to which you need to demonstrate to your professor how much you understand the topic.
In summary, a good background of the study is the work done to determine that your research question or thesis topic is a problem and that the method used is the one required to solve the issue or answer the question.
How to write background of the study in a research paper Stage 1. At the beginning stages of formulating your thesis, many of the issues are still very unclear, and you need to solidify your thoughts, you should conduct preliminary research. You conduct this preliminary research on the specific topic, and the area of study will help you to put forward a research question or thesis statement that will finally lead to more relevant and specific research.
You can visit a library, check the Internet and other electronic databases to find preliminary sources such as scholarly journals and books about your background of the study. Read and gather the information you need to develop a thesis statement or research question that will guide your thesis. You should take notes and also keep an accurate track of the sources of information you have used up to this point.
Just make sure to use a form or recording that is comfortable and easier for you. Develop and pen down research question or thesis statement. Write out your position or opinion as an authoritative statement. You can decide to do more detailed research at this point and look for more sources that are more relevant to your research question or thesis.
Stage 4. Complete your research using question and thesis statement as your guide. You should be able to find sources that are relevant to your specific thesis and provide more insight into your research question.
It is critical that your sources provide information on the history and past researches related to your thesis or research question. I believe this separation makes research articles more difficult to write and read.
Technicalities How close to reality were your measurements? In a repeated-measures study, how reproducible were the dependent variables? How do the answers to these questions impact your findings? Address such questions about the validity and reliability of your measures here.
You can also report any ancillary methodological findings. Use sub-subheadings if you wish. Outcomes Summarize the spread of values between subjects with the standard deviation, never with the standard error of the mean. Show the precision of your estimates of outcomes with confidence limits.
Try not to mention p values, statistical significance, null hypotheses, type I errors, and type II errors. State each result and discuss it immediately.
Interpret the magnitude of each outcome in a qualitative way, using both your experience of the magnitudes that matter in this area of human endeavor and also any published scales of magnitudes e. For example, you might have to say that you observed a moderate effect, but that the true value of the effect could be anything between trivial and very strong.
Do not give values of test statistics F, t, etc. Show data in figures rather than in tables or in text. See below for examples Figures Avoid repetition of data in figures, tables and text. For Sportscience articles, follow the instructions in the template on how to create figures. Paste figures and tables into the document after the paragraph where you first refer to them other journals: tables and figures go at the end of the manuscript. Figure 1: Informative title for a time seriesa.
Data are means.
From another perspective, the length and detail of background information also depends on the degree to which you need to demonstrate to your professor how much you understand the research problem. Is the research study unusual in a way that requires additional explanation, such as, 1 your study uses a method of analysis never applied before; 2 your study investigates a very esoteric or complex research problem; or, 3 your study relies upon analyzing unique texts or documents, such as, archival materials or primary documents like diaries or personal letters that do not represent the established body of source literature on the topic. And also mention possible solutions to the issue that have not been put into consideration in the past. Writing Tip Background Information vs.
Don't try to show off, though! Just make sure to use a form or recording that is comfortable and easier for you. In summary, a good background of the study is the work done to determine that your research question or thesis topic is a problem and that the method used is the one required to solve the issue or answer the question.
From another perspective, the length and detail of background information also depends on the degree to which you need to demonstrate to your professor how much you understand the research problem. How to Write a Research Paper.
Social -- the environment of people that surrounds something's creation or intended audience, reflecting how the people around something use and interpret it.
Any historical data that need to be shared in order to provide context on why the current issue emerged? Measure2 Describe the assay for the second measure under a sub-subheading, as shown here, and so on. Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions. I believe this separation makes research articles more difficult to write and read.