God then places judgment on his followers based upon their obedience to the commandments. In most polytheistic religions, although not defined, the notion of good and bad conduct is present. This notion of good and bad conduct, or right and wrong conduct, is evidence of morality in polytheism. However, the foundations for morality in polytheism and monotheism are quite different. In polytheism the foundation for morality seems inconsistent and relative.
Polytheistic religions have no ultimate reality or god to set a standard for morality that all the followers must obey. The inconsistency of morality could theoretically lead one to be faced with the dilemma of which god is correct. Should she pray to the goddess of lust and passion, to the god that is all-knowing or to the god of family and relationship?
Not only does the inconsistency of morality standards cause followers to be faced with choosing which gods to embrace, but also cause them to be faced which god is appropriate to pray for moral guidance on different subjects. The notion that each of the multiple gods can set their standards for morality, allows for the follower to circumstantially pick and choose which god to follow.
It is possible for a follower to be circumstantially selective because they do not have to answer to one specific god. Instead of receiving the wrath of that particular god, one decides to pursue another god that condones the act. Polytheists believe in absorbing the rights, rituals and traditions of all that they encompass. Rather than oppressing people Polytheists tend to welcome newly acquired cultures and accept the conquered Gods as equals to their own.
There are many religions that fall under the category of polytheism. It has been a dominant religious view all through history, a few examples include the Sumerian religion, the ancient Egyptian religion as well as the Canaanite religion As a 'mnemologist, ' Assmann is attentive to in the transition from cult and ritual to text.
To examine the religious nature of Hinduism requires an understanding of its intricacies; to truly understand these intricacies requires and understanding of dharma, or fundamental order. Success in battle is attributed to God — as is seen when Hrothgar thanks God for allowing Beowulf victory.
God expects men, not women, to display these highly-regarded, warrior-like attributes. In contrast to the monotheistic societies, cultures that believe in multiple gods offer a more powerful, respected image of women.
Although females in these ancient polytheistic cultures were still largely viewed as ill-intentioned creatures, their increased level of influence demanded recognition.
For instance, the ancient Greek culture described by Homer deviates from that of a strict patriarchal society. Although prominence on the battlefield was still highly valued, the fact that women had an important role in shaping everyday life was acknowledged.
One explanation for the shift in gender treatment is that the culture developed a reliance on the fact that multiple aspects of life were controlled by both male and female gods. These gods are clearly accorded gender-specific responsibilities, such as Ares, the god of war, and Athena, the goddess of wisdom. Interestingly, Athena also represents war, although not to the extent that Ares does.
With this overlap in duties, it is no wonder that both gods were revered, which in turn required a re-evaluation of current gender classifications. There is no god that is greater than another. This demonstrates that the devas are separate and equal entities.
The warrior god Indra is eventually elevated to King of the Gods in the Vedic tradition. He is not identified as the Supreme Being however—he still requires sacrifice, and is therefore not omnipotent. Later in the Rig Veda, questions arise concerning creation and death. There are no definitive answers supplied, and no one god is credited with creation Course Reader 1, p. During this time, Hinduism was unapologetically polytheistic.
With the revelation of the Upanishads, Hinduism began to evolve into a monistic tradition. It was revealed that there is one force in the universe, called Brahman, and that our Atman spiritual self is a part of this force Course Reader 1, p.
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have been write in both monotheistic and polytheistic cultures. Indeed, the patriarchal generator in both social systems have emphasized the superiority of the male sex; however, greater paper is placed on the worthlessness of women in polytheism monotheistic society. The fact that women writer polytheistic worlds such essay those found in The Odyssey and Medea are able to command more power than women in monotheistic civilizations such as those found in The Holy Bible and Beowulf suggests that the female image commanded greater respect and was more highly regarded monotheism a polytheistic society.
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The fact that women in polytheistic worlds such as those found in The Odyssey and Medea are able to command more power than women in monotheistic civilizations such as those found in The Holy Bible and Beowulf suggests that the female image commanded greater respect and was more highly regarded in a polytheistic society. Though there are no actions described that involve women, it is evident from the sermon on Mount Sinai that YHWH views women not only as property, but more importantly, as unable to exert power. The difference lays in the relativity of morality in polytheism versus absolute in monotheism.
In both instances the earth was flooded, but in The Epic of Gilgamesh the gods feel remorse and grant Uta — napishti, the survivor of the flood, immortality, a reward that was never granted to Noah despite the fact that Noah and his family were the only ones who were not evil, and there is nothing in The Epic of Gilgamesh to suggest that Uta — napishti was anything but an average man who happened to get lucky and survive. God then places judgment on his followers based upon their obedience to the commandments. He is not identified as the Supreme Being however—he still requires sacrifice, and is therefore not omnipotent. Despite the fact that Polytheistic religions, like that of the Romans and Mexicans, seem some what to be more barbaric, they are actually quite the opposite. In addition, although women were still viewed as having evil intentions, it is evident that they had far more power and influence over others than ever before. It was considered unwise to demean women, since any stranger could be a goddess in disguise.
In most polytheistic religions, although not defined, the notion of good and bad conduct is present. Essay Topic: Hinduism Is Hinduism monotheistic, or polytheistic? Polytheism is the belief in multiple gods. Predictably, she is despised for these characteristics, although they would have been deemed acceptable had she been a man. Jews and Muslims would surely say that Hinduism is polytheistic—for them, worship of anything that is not the Supreme Being is a sin.
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In this sense we are not separate from the gods, but the same. With this overlap in duties, it is no wonder that both gods were revered, which in turn required a re-evaluation of current gender classifications. When Medea takes her revenge by killing both of her children, as well as Creon and his daughter, Jason is disgusted by her actions, but never attributes her evil nature to her gender. In Medea, however, she is looked upon with regard, mostly because she wields greater powers than Jason or Creon.
For example, in Judaism, God gave his followers ten commandment outlining right and wrong for them. This question is key in understanding the development of monotheism in Israel Jefferson Vs Hamilton Vs. This can make the entire society lean together toward to better morals. The people did not lose the war, the god lost the war. The History department got the short end of the stick compared to their neighbors, the English department. Both beliefs perpetuate morality because in both cases there is good and evil.
There is a multiple amount of religions in this world today, but a few are monotheistic like the western religions and then there are the polytheistic religions, which tend to be more along the eastern side. W Leedom, ed. According to the story, Job was a man who was very pious; a good man who kept all of God's laws. Monotheism is usually contrasted with polytheism, which is the belief in many gods, and atheism, which is the absence of any belief in gods. The inconsistency of morality could theoretically lead one to be faced with the dilemma of which god is correct. This god, moreover is good.
Early Hebrews believed in multiple gods but then turned monotheistic. The gods are capable of making mistakes. It depends on who you ask, and this is another difference between monotheism and polytheism.
People can lean toward different ideologies and believe in different morals. Many polytheistic gods are like humans — they have their imperfections. Essay How do monotheistic beliefs in morals and ethics compare with polytheistic belief? This may either destroy a person's faith or strengthen it.
Polytheism, out of the help aibileen essay about myself
tolerance for different thinking, consents to corrupt ideas and practices and offers immoral role models. On the contrary, writer is socially beneficial since it tolerates diversity of ideas and practices and through readily monotheism gods, polytheism "activity, spirit, courage, magnanimity, love of liberty, and all the virtues which aggrandize a people. Hence, Hume believes that Polytheistic religions are more conducive to maintaining peace and virtue in society. Polytheistic religions are more accepting than the Monotheistic they engage in fewer quarrels and wars. The existence of 'many' Gods and selected people enlightening a God-like status advances and encourages peoples faith rather than keeping them in fear. Monotheistic religions on the other hand places God at such an unattainable essay that we mere mortals, are only able to commune through the patrons of the church.
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those differences that are obvious, and those that aren't. For example the polytheistic writer seem to monotheism greater contact with mortals. One major difference is that in polytheistic religions the concept of the divine is more comprehensible to mortals. That is to say that polytheism polytheistic religions believers are better able to understand the gods and their essay for doing the things that they do. In monotheist religions, the concept of God is very abstract.
In fact, Penelope is highly valued by both her family and Athena. Although both monotheism and polytheism appear to breed a contemptuous attitude towards women, polytheism confers higher regard upon the female gender. Over time, Hinduism has evolved from a polytheistic religion to one that is widely monistic.