An abstract is a to word paragraph that provides readers with a quick overview of your essay or report and its organization. You should also center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page. Essentially, the descriptive abstract describes the work being abstracted. This is essentially a very brief preview of the results of your paper.
Ask a friend to read over the abstract. It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research. If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised. The syntax is direct and simple.
Finally, the abstract concludes by telling us about the consequences of this argument. Essentially, the descriptive abstract describes the work being abstracted. While the abstract will be at the beginning of your paper, it should be the last section that you write.
That is, the researcher presents and explains all the main arguments and the important results and evidence in the paper. Over the course of three years, Eliot and his students reimagined canonical literature as writing by working poets for working people—a model of literary history that fully informed his canon reformation in The Sacred Wood. Avoid using technical jargons and focus on communicating the problem in simple terms. Authors abstract various longer works, including book proposals, dissertations, and online journal articles. Note that statistical findings should be reported parenthetically [i. Provide the main results.
Data have been collected from archives, interviews, newspapers, and published reports. Formatting Abstracts should be formatted as a single paragraph in a block format and with no paragraph indentations. If you want to find out more about writing a critique or a review of a work, see the UNC Writing Center handout on writing a literature review. The examples above are taken from Form and Style 10th ed.
Abstracts also include the key terms found in the longer work and the purpose and methods of the research. According to the official guidelines of the American Psychological Association, a good abstract should be: Brief but packed with information. Descriptive abstracts are usually very short— words or less. The APA publication manual suggests that your abstract should function much like your title page—it should allow the person reading it too quickly determine what your paper is all about. Those words that convince the world why months of your research matters. What the dissertation does This dissertation examines the impacts of social movements through a multi-layered study of the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement from its peak in the early s through the early s.